Approximately In 5000 BC, the high civilizations of the Babylonians and Assyrians sacrificed incense to the sun god Baal. Likewise, the Egyptians burned fragrant substances in honor of their sun god Ra. Hence the later name Parfum, which has its origin from lat. Per fumum, which means "through the smoke". Fragrant waters were also needed for ritual purification ceremonies. Approximately 3000 BC Myrrh, calamus root and cypress were used as fumigants. The main use of the perfume, however, was in the embalming of the deceased and as offerings, in the form of fragrant oils. In the 7th century BC Babylon and Nineveh were considered centers of perfumery. From there the Phoenicians traded the precious cargo and brought it to all parts of the known world. Through the Phoenicians and Greeks and the conquest of Asia Minor and Egypt, the Romans came into contact with the perfume and became zealous users. Fragrances were extremely popular and you even "bathed" in it. Slaves prepared the "cosmetae" fragrance ointments and oils. The progressive Christianization from the 4th century caused a setback in the European perfume development, it was now considered frivolous and unchaste to perfume themselves. From the crusades, the returnees brought unknown fragrances to the whole of Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries, thus rekindling their interest in the fragrance. In the 13th century, the Arabs developed the method to produce high-percentage alcohol and thus the perfume, in its alcoholic solution, as we know it today.
The European modern age
Paracelsus b. In 1493 at Schwyz, a genius doctor and reformer of medicine, the effect of fragrances on the state of health recognized and uses them for therapeutic treatment. He writes a treatise on the perfume, its composition and healing effects and examines connections between the sense of smell and taste. Approximately In 1709 Giovanni Maria Farina developed the Eau de Cologne - it is considered a panacea. It consists, among other things, of bergamot, lavender and rosemary oils dissolved in wine spirit.
In 1792, Mülhens 4711 developed his real cologne and launched it on the market, making him the first German perfume manufacturer.
Francois Coty, a Korse, was the first to systematically mix synthetic with natural substances and is considered the father of modern perfume with La Rose Jaqueminot in 1904 and L'Origan in 1905.