The daily grasp to the toothpaste tube is a matter of course for us all. But the paste in the tube has been around since the end of the 19th century. Their composition evolved from cinnamon and honey to wine to today's proprietary formulas.
The first powders and pastes
Already on Babylonian clay tablets is reported by different powders and pastes, which were applied with the fingers on the teeth. The ladies of the Roman society sprinkled linen cloths with pumice and marble dust to clean their teeth. Salt, sesame oil, ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg and honey pastes should keep teeth healthy in ancient Indian medicine. In France, the Chancellor of the Faculty of Medicine of Montpellier recommended wine as a dentifrice.
The discovery of plaque
For a long time people believed in a tooth worm that gnaws their teeth from the inside. But in 1890, another cause of dental disease was scientifically proven: plaque. It causes the dreaded tooth decay. With this knowledge, the importance of powders and pastes for dental care has been growing.
From the dental powder can to the Stanniol tube
At that time, the tooth balms were still kept in pots, either porcelain or silver. The later stoneware vessels had ornate lids, often with lithographic representations. At the end of the 19th century, the model of today's toothpaste tube was born: the stanniol tube made of tin.
The toothpaste today
From the Stanniol tube developed in the 50s of the 20th century, the now widespread Kunststofftube. Since then toothpastes contain fluorides, and today there are hardly any pastes without this important ingredient for caries prophylaxis. After toothpastes initially contained only inorganic fluorides, elmex was the first toothpaste with the organic amine fluoride in 1965. In the meantime, more than 100 brands with sometimes very different advertising promises are on the market. However, only a few manufacturers, like elmex research, regularly carry out scientific studies to improve and develop their formulations.