Which problems are most common?
Many illnesses such as hypertension, heart attack or stroke occur more often in old age than in younger years - but they are not typical signs of aging. The situation is different with signs of disease that occur when several organ systems are impaired in their function by signs of aging and hap - ter from the interaction between the brain, nerves and muscles.
About 15% of the over 65 year old women are affected by incontinence, of the men about 7%, and the 25 year olds are already 25% if they live at home. For nursing home residents, the numbers are twice as high. In total, about 5 million people are incontinent in Germany.
By reducing muscle mass and strength, deterioration of vision and sense of balance, 30% of over-65s and 50% of over-80s fall at least once a year.
With increasing age, more and more people need a walker: gait changes are the result of worsened movement and the general gait insecurity due to the reduced activity of the sensory organs. The walking speed decreases every year - when a speed of 1.4 meters per second is undershot, for example, during the green phase of a traffic light increasingly commonplace difficulties.
More than a quarter of all 65-year-olds complain of vertigo, which is often due to the poor interaction of the organ of balance, eyes and musculoskeletal system.
40% of over-80s suffer from dementia, which is significant in that demented people depend on the help of others - two-thirds of all dependencies on old people are caused by dementia.
In many older people swallowing difficulties, loss of hunger and chewing problems, eg due to a poorly fitting prosthesis, lead in the long term to an undersupply of proteins and micronutrients. While this problem occurs in approximately 4% of all elderly people, two-thirds of all nursing home residents are affected. Permanent malnutrition leads to an increase in disease and mortality.