Joint problems as a common disease

Pain in the hip, "crunching" in the knee, morning teething troubles: Millions of Germans are regularly plagued by joint pain. A study of 5, 000 people over the age of 40 found that more than half of them had arthralgia on the day of the interview. The symptoms range from discomfort when climbing stairs, difficulty getting up about joint stiffness to pain when walking on a level track. If the symptoms are not treated early, chronic osteoarthritis and arthritis can develop.

Signs of joint problems

You should be active with these warning signs:

  • Pain onset: After prolonged periods of rest, the joint feels stiff - only after a short warm-up normal mobility is back
  • Complaints after unfamiliar or prolonged stress
  • Joint noises during movement ("crunching", the physician speaks of crepitus)
  • Weather sensitivity in the joint
  • Swelling feelings without visible swelling
  • limited mobility (eg problems with maximum bending or stretching)
  • Tension in the muscles around the joint
  • Heat sensation in the joint area

The causes of joint complaints

Joint problems and osteoarthritis are almost always due to pathological changes in the cartilage. The highly elastic and mirror-smooth cartilage tissue normally serves as a shock absorber while ensuring smooth movement. By overloading and misalignment of the joints or by lack of exercise the cartilage wear out. Typical osteoarthritis triggers:

  • Overload at work or at sports
  • Injuries such as cartilage, meniscal, ligament and capsule injuries or malpositions after bone fractures
  • frequent kinking
  • Congenital deformities such as X or O legs
  • chronic diseases such as diabetes, inflammatory rheumatism (arthritis) and gout
  • Obesity: Above all, knee and hip joints must carry the increased body weight - a real stress test for the joints
  • lack of exercise

Destructive inflammations

Cartilage abrasion often causes inflammation. The result is an increase in free radicals that accelerate the destruction process in the joint. In order to keep the aggressive oxygen molecules in check, the body uses so-called antioxidants as radical scavengers. An important natural radical scavenger is vitamin E.

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