He who loves his feet should take care of her. But the main pillars of the human body are often neglected. Not only optical impairments such as cornea and cracks are possible consequences, but also more serious damage such as ingrown nails or athlete's foot.
Chiropody in diabetics
In diabetics and other chronically ill patients, lack of care can lead to serious foot damage. Nerve damage due to diabetes causes diabetics to often not notice wounds on their feet unless they are particularly deep and have already caused damage. In addition, the circulatory disorders associated with the disease delay or prevent the healing process.
Therefore, the prevention of those affected is particularly important. The medical foot care such as professional removal of the cornea, the treatment of dry skin, ingrown nails and athlete's foot is paid in diabetics by the statutory health insurance.
The prerequisite for this is that the changes in the foot are the result of the underlying disease and, without medical pedicure, consequential damage such as inflammation and disorders in wound healing occurs. If there is already damage to the foot, it must not be treated by the chiropodist.
Medical chiropodist as a specialist occupation
Incidentally, chiropodists may only perform a prescribed therapy if they have special training, practical equipment and approval. For this purpose, the terms "medical chiropodist" and "podiatrist" have been protected by law since 2003.
The training for medical chiropodists (podiatrists) is now legally anchored and includes a two-year training, a fixed examination regulations and a corresponding training certificate. The profession is thus one of the health professions as well as for example physiotherapy or occupational therapy.
9 tips for proper foot care
Even if you are not particularly at risk: do something good for yourself and take care of your feet. Do not just look for suitable footwear, but also include your daily companions in the daily care catalog.
- Help the circulation of your feet with cold-hot change baths on the jumps. The temperature of the foot bath should not exceed 38 ° C.
- A lukewarm foot bath with ethereal additives supports your feet: camphor, peppermint or stonewash increase blood circulation, arnica has a relaxing effect, horsetail, ribwort or coltsfoot help against inflammation. Bath salts should only be used if the skin has no cracks and is completely healthy. You tend to sweaty feet? Then give strong sage tea to the water.
- Subsequently, a foot cream cares for the skin and prevents drying and cracking.
- If you tend to athlete's foot, massage your feet more often with thyme or tea tree oil.
- Back corneal calluses best with a pumice stone or the like to body. Do not use injury-prone objects such as cornea planes.
- Shorten your toenails with a file rather than a pair of scissors - do not cut them too short and straight, with slightly rounded corners.
- Run barefoot as often as you can. This trains your arch (and helps against sweaty feet).
- In between, lay unusual gaits - on the heels or the outer edges. In the morning and in the evening brush your toes while brushing your teeth.
- Anyone who has foot complaints such as pain in the same place, skin changes, redness or swelling, should have this clarified by an orthopedist. Often, orthopedic insoles help correct foot deformities and relieve discomfort.
Barefoot running is good for the feet
Barefoot running promotes blood circulation and strengthens the muscles. You do not have to be afraid of injuries - as a rule, your feet are well protected.
Those who get involved can rediscover the ancient art of walking on one of the artificially created barefoot hiking trails. Here you can experience on sand, clay, in the mud, in the water or in a walk on round pebbles its surroundings over the feet and at the same time train your own mobility. Balance and coordination skills are claimed as well as skin and foot muscles.