Cardiovascular diseases are increasingly the result of the unhealthy lifestyle. Nutritional errors and lack of exercise accelerate vascular calcification. The basis for this is already laid at a young age. Fast food, remote control, fat pad - the everyday life of modern people is characterized by unhealthy diet and lack of exercise. Almost 50 percent of Germans are overweight; 17 percent already in childhood and adolescence. Along with this, high blood lipids, high blood pressure and blood sugar often develop. A cocktail that causes devastation to the blood vessels, in ever younger years.
According to the World Heart Federation (WHF), people today are at least ten years younger when they die from cardiovascular disease. The cause of this is increasingly an unhealthy lifestyle. "Half of all cardiovascular events that lead to death or disability could be prevented by good risk management, " said Privatdozent Dr. med. Markus Flesch, internist and cardiologist at the Heart Center of the University of Cologne. "People just have to worry more about their vascular health and eliminate influenceable risk factors." This is especially important
- too high cholesterol (blood fat),
- a high blood pressure,
- too high blood sugar and
Often one risk factor causes the next, so many people have several of these disease-causing factors. The dreaded cardiovascular diseases heart attack and stroke, but also the circulatory disorder of the legs is preceded by a strong vascular calcification, in which thickened the vessel wall. Experts call this atherosclerosis.
Accelerated by an unhealthy lifestyle, deposits (plaques) form on the inner walls of the vessel. This is painless and unrecognized at first. Over time, however, the diameter of the blood vessels narrows more and more, the elasticity decreases, and at some point the blood can no longer flow unhindered. If this occurs in a cardiovascular system, it causes painful symptoms called angina pectoris, a precursor to heart attack. If the legs are affected, pain often forces the affected person to stop. Therefore, this disease is also called intermittent claudication.
In addition to the vasoconstriction, it can also happen that a plaque particle dissolves, is flushed with the blood and finally clogged a vessel in the lungs, heart or brain. Or there are tears in the thickened vessel wall, which lead to blockage of the bloodstream by blood clots. Pulmonary embolism, heart attack or stroke are the catastrophic consequence. Although mortality from heart attack has dropped significantly over the past 30 years due to better acute treatment, 30 percent still do not survive the acute infarction. Survivors often have lifelong impairment of performance.
So what can anyone do to avoid becoming a victim of cardiovascular disease? A realistic way to more vascular and thus heart health is especially regular exercise, best in an endurance sport such as cycling, fast walking or swimming. Thus, four elementary body functions are improved: the metabolism, the cardiovascular system, the musculoskeletal system - ie muscles, bones and tendons - as well as the mind, because movement promotes the ability to concentrate. Who then consciously nourishes and refrains from smoking, has done everything to keep his life cycle long fit.