Infection is detected by X-ray, ultrasound or computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. However, an accurate diagnosis is only obtained if specific antibodies are detected in the blood. The cyst needs to be surgically removed. This becomes dangerous only when the cyst wall bursts, then it can come to a "sowing" of the parasites.
Chemotherapy can be performed with mebendazole, an effective treatment for worm infestations. However, since this only inhibits the further parasite growth, but the parasite itself can not usually be destroyed, this procedure is only intended for patients who can not be operated on.
Hygiene as a preventive measure
On the basis of blood and stool examinations, if necessary X-ray, the doctor can detect a worm infection. The deworming is almost always carried out with the help of appropriate medication, if necessary also surgically: so tapeworm cysts are removed.
If a child is affected, it is advisable to have the rest of the family examined as well. Hygiene, which one can not emphasize often enough, is the best infection protection for humans.
Dogs and cats that are kept near fox populations, ie in rural areas, should be dewormed regularly. The veterinarian administers a special drug effective against fox tapeworm. Pets should be checked regularly every two to three months for worms and dewormed if necessary.
Precautions on vacation
In order to prevent a health hazard caused by these parasites, special precautions for humans and animals should be observed, especially during holidays:
- Take care when eating unwashed fruits, vegetables etc.
- Avoid contact with stray dogs
- Keep dogs away from slaughter
- Animals after a trip abroad necessarily deworm.