Additives are problematic
Many foods, especially sweets, are usually heavily processed and concentrated. In order to preserve certain flavors, which are stable and durable, additives are used. These must be listed in the list of ingredients (E numbers). In principle, additives must be safe for health. However, in certain sensitive groups, such as children, some additives may cause allergic reactions.
Interactions largely unknown
How the variety of additives affects and what interactions exist between them is unclear. That is why food for children should contain as few different additives as possible and only those that are not criticized.
E-numbers and flavor enhancers:
The Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband eV also evaluates their suitability for children in a brochure about e-numbers. A study by the University of Southampton in the journal The Lancet has suggested a link between EU-tested food colors E 102, E 104, E 110, E 122, E 124 and E 129, and hyperactivity in children.
Flavor enhancers, such as glutamate, and flavorings (especially artificial) are considered to be particularly critical, because children get used to the uniform taste of industrially manufactured foods in their early childhood. This can lead to children no longer knowing the taste of natural foods or not finding them intense enough. So they may stay loyal to "their" brands for life.
The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) warns against the addition of citric acid and other acids, especially in beverages and confectionery, because this particularly promotes tooth damage.
The fact is that most people do not mind such substances in the food - but the dose is much too low, if one dips only occasionally. But in many cases the lists of ingredients on German food packaging are still incomplete and confusing. Statisticians have calculated that every German every year plastered around 36 kilograms of table sugar.
30 kilograms of it come well camouflaged over drinks and sweets, baked goods and dairy products, pickles and preserves, soups and sauces, ketchup, ready meals, etc. in the body. That translates into 33 sugar cubes per day for every 33.
The German Society for Nutrition (DGE) recommends the following weighting: 55 to 60 percent carbohydrates, 25 to 30 percent fat and 12 to 15 percent protein. If you eat 2, 000 calories per day, you could eat 275 to 300 grams of carbs, 60 to 75 grams of protein, and 55 to 65 grams of fat.
"5 a day"
The DGE recommends five servings of vegetables and fruits for a full-fledged diet to help protect against nutrition-related diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease, as part of their "5 a day" campaign. If you stick to it, you will not be harmed by a smaller amount of fruit gum.