It is well over 80 years old, just 2.2 centimeters tall and consists mainly of glucose syrup, sugar and gelatin. It is so popular that every German of them eats three kilos a year - we are talking about gummy bears. The advertising promises: no fat! Nevertheless, they make the popular fat gums. We reveal what's in them and why you should only enjoy fat-free sweets in moderation.
Fruit gum thickens
Sweets are popular with both children and adults, and are sometimes snacked in quite large quantities. Ice cream, biscuits, chocolate or snacks, they all do not contain very little fat and sugar (carbohydrates). Their consumption is often associated with an increased risk of nutrition-related diseases such as obesity, diabetes and tooth decay.
Fruit gums, which include the gummy bears, wine gum and jelly fruits, in contrast to other sweets are characterized by the fact that they contain virtually no fat, but mainly sugar. Some manufacturers therefore advertise with slogans that suggest that fruit gum is suitable for relieving or would facilitate this.
On the other hand, it is often said that it is just the sugar that makes you fat. This is precisely what the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) has dealt with.
Ingredients of fruit gum
Fruit gum consists predominantly of glucose syrup and sugar and partly of dextrose, modified starch and / or gelatin and acidulant. Depending on the ingredients, the energy content of fruit gum is between 300 and 400 kilocalories per 100 grams. A bag of them (300 grams) contains the equivalent of 78 pieces of sugar cubes.
The BfR is now of the opinion that not the amount of fat, protein and carbohydrates is crucial for the risk of weight gain, but the overall energy balance. "If you barely move, you consume little energy and quickly get into a positive energy balance with a high energy input." In plain English: If you feed more energy into your body than you can consume it, you gain weight.
For example, BfR sees no special risk for fruit gums because fruit gums have similar energy contents to other sweets. The risk of gaining weight through unlimited snacking of fruit gums is therefore as great as with other sweets. The BfR points out, however, that advertising imprints such as "without fat" are superfluous and mislead consumers.