The early detection of diseases is an important part of medicine - especially in paediatrics. Therefore, parents should use the screening for the early detection of illnesses, which are entitled to all children in the statutory health insurance. The examinations should be compulsory dates of parental care. After the birth of a child, the parents receive a yellow examination booklet. In this issue, all screening examinations are recorded, so it should always be taken care of. The screening examinations are abbreviated U1 to U9. There is also a so-called J-investigation for adolescents.
What are the examinations for?
The physical, mental and social development is examined with the examinations. Thus, development or possible undesirable developments of the child can be recorded and, if necessary, appropriate therapy can be initiated. Because: Many health problems that occur in children, often already lay the foundation for serious diseases in adulthood. The examinations are therefore an essential element to protect the health of our children.
From U1 to J1
U1: right after birth
- Examination of the heart and lungs, oxygen content of the blood, skin color, muscle tension and reflexes
U2: third to tenth day of life
- First basic examination from head to toe - including organs, genitals, skin, bones, nervous system, hip joint, metabolism
U3: fourth to sixth week of life
- Examination of, among other things, body functions, hearing, movement behavior, nutritional status, weight
- Completed second month first vaccination (diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Haemophilus influenzae type b, polio, hepatitis B)
U4: third to fourth month of life
- Thorough examination - including organs and genitals, hearing and vision, fontanelle, general agility and responsiveness
- Second vaccination (see U3)
- Completed fourth month third vaccination (see U4)
U5: sixth to seventh month of life
- Check, among other things, the mobility and body control, hearing and vision
- If necessary, repeat vaccination
U6: tenth to twelfth month of life
- Examination of body functions, mobility and body control as well as tips on dental care
- MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccination, if necessary, repeat vaccination
U7: 21st to 24th month
- The so-called biennial study: including review of intellectual development
- MMR repeat vaccination
U8: three and a half to four years
- Control of the functioning of organs, hearing and vision, speech development and body control
U9: about five years
- Extensive examination from head to toe: Organ functions, vision and hearing, gross and fine motor development, posture, mental, emotional and social development, ability to speak. The U 9 is a first assessment of when the child is capable of schooling.
- Checking the vaccination certificate for completeness.
J1: 12 to 14 years
- Check of physical and mental health: height, weight, blood, urine, vaccination status, condition of organs, skeletal system, sensory functions
- In this study, the adolescents have the opportunity to talk to the doctor about the topics of sexuality, contraception, alcohol or drugs without the presence of parents.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: "Every child has the right to the highest attainable standard of health." Parents can do a lot for their children. Security and security are elementary for children. There are also a few basic rules for health. In addition to the regular screening tests, a balanced diet and sufficient exercise are important for the development of children. Combined with adequate vaccine protection and proper dental care right from the start, children have a good foundation for their future.