Actually intended as a rest from Christmas stress and cold: holiday trips to the warm south. Unfortunately, our bodies often do not play, because temperature differences, long flights, time difference and bacterially contaminated food can pose a serious health risk. This mainly affects tourists with a lot of program, who rush to the first sightseeing directly after the flight. Studies have shown that increasing the duration of flight increases the risk of blood clots (thrombosis), especially in the legs. If the clot enters the heart or lungs, it may have a fatal outcome: if a vital vein becomes plugged, it causes a pulmonary embolism or a heart attack.
An investigation during a long-haul flight from Frankfurt to Kyoto showed that taking chestnut seed extract reduces the swelling of the legs. The wearing of compression or support stockings and a plentiful fluid intake (no alcohol and no caffeinated drinks) as well as regular rocking with the feet have proven to be preventative.
Although the change from hot to cold to some extent (eg sauna) is beneficial to health, our cycle is overloaded with high temperature differences (eg Canaries in winter). Especially people with cardiovascular diseases are at risk. Our skin also reacts much more sensitively to UV rays in winter. If there is a time lag, the tourist has to reckon with a weakened immune system that makes him more susceptible to diarrhea. This also increases the risk of cold, when the tourist from the heat returns to his cold home country.
In faraway destinations such as India or African countries, the risk of diarrhea is 50 percent, compared to five to eight percent in Europe. As a rule of thumb has proven: No water from the tap and no unpackaged ice cream, only durchgegarte food, so salads, vegetables, eggs, fish, meat or mussels do not eat raw. On fast food from the roadside or ice cubes in drinks should be waived. Also brushing one should as a precaution with mineral water. People with acute illness, impaired kidney function or chronic bowel disease should not fly to the tropics because they have an increased risk of diarrhea.
Tips for long-distance travel in winter
- No stressful program on the first day
- Horse chestnut seed extract and compression stockings reduce the risk of thrombosis
- Possible vitamin supplements, as fruit and vegetable consumption is limited
- For liquid equalization in an emergency: 1 glass of fruit juice, 5 tablespoons sugar, 1.5 Tl. Salt to 1 liter of boiled water, finished preparations from the pharmacy.
- Also think of the vaccine and malaria protection!