From the age of 40, an average of 0.3 to 0.5 percent of the bone mass is lost per year. In the period before and after the menopause, the rate of degradation increases by an average of 2 to 5 percent per year.
Regular exercise and optimal calcium and vitamin D intake is essential for maintaining the skeletal system. With the help of UV light, vitamin D can be produced in the skin, but this ability diminishes with increasing years of life. In addition to calcium, vitamin B prevents bone breakdown and osteoporosis, as this nutrient ensures that calcium in the intestine can even be absorbed and incorporated into the bones.
Vitamin D: nutritional supplement
Liver, eggs, fish and mushrooms provide certain amounts of vitamin D, but a targeted dietary supplement that should be discussed with the gynecologist / gynecologist is reliable. In addition, preparations that contain zinc, chromium, silicon and manganese help counteract the bone loss.
Depending on the circumstances, weight, age and underlying illnesses as well as taking the medication, the dietary supplement should be determined.
Soy, red clover and Co.
For the relief of menopausal symptoms isoflavone-rich preparations of soy and red clover extract are often propagated. Isoflavones can have a hormone-like effect in the body. In advertisements and on the product packaging, they are described as natural products without side effects. However, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment came to the opposite conclusion.
Studies have shown that isoflavones in isolated form and high doses impair the function of the thyroid gland and alter the mammary gland tissue. It is also not completely ruled out that the development of breast cancer could be promoted. As there are no valid supporting documents and comparative studies for the relief of menopausal symptoms, the use of these preparations can not be recommended.
There are indications that hot flashes and sweats especially occur when the blood sugar level drops sharply. Regular and energy-related meals are therefore recommended especially during menopause. Alcohol and coffee can increase hot flashes and should be enjoyed only in small amounts, at least for pronounced ailments.
Women who are fully informed about what is going on in their body and are calm about the new phase of life often have less discomfort.