Gallstones are caused by clots in the bile. An improper diet is one possible factor that may favor the formation of such clots. Gallstones themselves are harmless, but they can cause a painful biliary colic or inflammation of the gallbladder. Read here what you should look for in gallstones in your daily diet and how you can prevent the formation of stones with the right nutrition.
Gallbladder and gallstones
Bile - also known as bile - is crucial for fat digestion. It is produced in the liver and then cached in the gallbladder. If necessary, the fluid is released by contracting the gallbladder into the duodenum. Due to various factors, such as certain diseases or a wrong diet, gallstones may form in the gallbladder.
Gallstones - What to do?
Gallstones that cause no problems are usually not removed. If the stones are noticeable, the annoying stone is often removed after the decay of the thrust. In a chronic stone disease, however, this approach is not enough, here it is usually essential to remove the gallbladder.
If gallstones are present, you should try to prevent the development of a biliary colic or inflammation of the gallbladder. Various factors can contribute to this, including nutrition. In the following, we give you tips on how to feed yourself if you have problems with bile. Details should always be clarified with your doctor. The nutritional tips can also help to prevent the formation of gallstones in healthy individuals.
Diet with gallstones
If you follow a few basic rules, you can eat as normal as possible despite gallstones. A bile drinking, as it was often recommended, is no longer prescribed these days. It should be noted, however, that during an acute biliary colic and immediately thereafter no food should be taken.
Avoid too much fat
Biliary colic is often caused by heavy, high-fat meals. Too much fat causes the gallbladder to contract sharply to release as much bile as possible. This process can trigger a biliary colic. Therefore, you should avoid high-fat meals in case of problems with the gallbladder. Especially animal fats are usually difficult to digest, vegetable fats, however, are better suited.
However, a completely fat-free diet is also not recommended for gallstones: if only very little fat is absorbed, the bile remains in the gallbladder for a particularly long time and thickens. As a result, gallstones or gallstones may form, which may result in biliary colic or inflammation of the gallbladder.
Take small meals
If you have gallstones, you should take care in the daily diet to minimize the burden on the gallbladder. It is especially important to avoid large and heavy meals. The more food you eat, the more bile juice you need. In order to be able to release large amounts of bile, the gallbladder must be particularly intensively deflated. To spare the organ this burden, you should rather consume small meals.
However, the meals may not be too small, otherwise too much bile remains in the bile and can thicken. Ideal is a meal after which you feel full, but still feel comfortable and mobile.
Avoid bloating foods
Gallstones should not be eaten with foods that have a flatulent effect, as bloating intensifies the pressure on the gallbladder. Cabbage, pulses and salsify are considered to be particularly bloating. In addition, onions and garlic are said to have a flatulent effect, but usually it is weaker.
Try out which foods you can tolerate and where your personal limit lies. Foods that cause you problems after eating should be better avoided in the future.
Nutrition in gallstones: ideal foods
Certain foods help stimulate bile production and boost digestion. These foods include chicory, dandelion salad, grapefruit and pomelo, as well as endive salad. The beneficial effect on bile health is due to the bitter substances contained in the foods. When eating chicory, pomelo and Co. you should make sure that the body is slowly getting used to the appropriate foods.
6 more nutritional tips for gallstones
- Take enough liquid - preferably water or unsweetened herbal teas.
- Avoid hard boiled eggs because they are particularly hard to digest and therefore unfavorable to the gallbladder. However, eggs that are otherwise prepared may be eaten from time to time.
- Obesity can increase the development of gallstones, so you should reduce existing overweight - but slowly and not by a radical diet. Hunger cures and obesity have a negative effect on bile health.
- Avoid refined sugars as these may favor the formation of gallstones.
- Eat fish regularly because the Omega-3 fatty acids they contain help to lower the level of cholesterol in the bile.
- Prefer foods that keep your digestive system going, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains.