While the disease Crohn's disease can affect the entire digestive tract from the mouth to the anus, the disease is limited to ulcerative colitis on the colon. Inflammation and bleeding ulcers form in the superficial layers of the mucous membrane in those affected by ulcerative colitis. This leads to a bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain when this chronic inflammatory bowel disease (CED) is boosted.
Diet in ulcerative colitis: acute relapse
While almost normal everyday life is possible in times without symptoms, those affected in the acute phase have severe pain that can only be overcome with bed rest and occasionally even in the hospital. As with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis also causes severe fluid losses due to diarrhea during a push, which must be balanced with low-carbon water or mild teas.
Particularly well suited for this:
- Camomile tea
- peppermint tea
- Anise tea
Acute phase: what to eat?
Through the diarrhea and to fight the many foci of inflammation in the colon, the body consumes calories and loses a lot of fat over the stool. Therefore, even in the acute phase, calories and fats must be increasingly fed, preferably by cold-pressed, uncured oils or margarine. Animal fats, on the other hand, are less well tolerated except for butter, which provides a lot of valuable vitamin A.
The following foods should better avoid ulcerative colitis, especially in the acute phase:
- raw vegetables
- hard-shelled fruit
- citrus fruits
Important in ulcerative colitis, however, is to supply certain vitamins and trace elements. Blood loss in diarrhea can lead to iron deficiency. In addition, foods with calcium, folic acid, zinc and magnesium are available for the diet.
Diet in ulcerative colitis: remission phase
In the remission phase, the diet can be normalized in ulcerative colitis. There are many suggestions for dieting, but no evidence has yet been provided on health benefits. In general, ulcerative colitis is recommended for a light, wholesome diet.
Those affected by ulcerative colitis, who listen to their body and reactions, will quickly find out which foods they tolerate better and worse. Who knows what he can eat, it will also be easier to develop joy of eating again. This is especially important for patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
In general, the body should be fed all the important nutrients, minerals and vitamins in the time between bouts and the digestion is regulated by high-fiber diet.