Cold: prevention, treatment

The cold or the flu infection is characterized by symptoms such as coughing, runny nose, sore throat, headache and body aches, fatigue and fever. Trigger the cold are various viruses, such. B. the rhinovirus, which are transmitted by droplet infection. In contrast to the real influenza virus, influenza, it is usually harmless.


Colds are a sign that the body or the body's defenses are exhausted. A lot of rest and sleep help with colds best for quick recovery. An additional sweat treatment with lime blossom or elderflower tea as well as foot baths often suffocate the flu infection already in the bud. Nevertheless, only those who are hardened, are well through the winter. Regular sports, sauna and steam bath visits or daily changing showers get the immune system going. This should be done at least three months before the cold season.

The best protection against colds is a strong immune system. Some medicinal plants such as the purple sunhat (Echinacea purpurea), the narrow-leaved coneflower (Echinacea pallida), Eupatorium, Baptisia or Thuja are used individually or in combination to increase the body's defense. However, this only applies to properly prepared preparations with a sufficiently high dosage. A balanced diet also plays a role. Take especially vitamin C z. B. in the form of citrus fruits, kiwis or in tablet form to. Because enough vitamin C supports the immune system.

Who is vulnerable, should harden his body in time by:

  • regular sauna visits
  • cold showers
  • Movement in the fresh air
  • herbal immune stimulants from the pharmacy

The clothes should be adapted to the weather so that the body does not undercool.

Once it caught you, it's important

  • to pay attention to adequate physical protection,
  • a lot to drink,
  • to ensure sufficient humidity in heated rooms.

Since there are no drugs against the cause of the disease - the viruses - only the individual complaints can be combated. Flu drugs contain various active ingredients against typical cold symptoms and thereby improve the general condition. Even old home remedies, such as inhalation with chamomile and calf wrap to reduce fever are proven methods to combat the influenza infection. Against influenza, a preventive, annual vaccination is possible.

treatment options

The treatment of a "banal" cold is based on the symptoms. A drug that combats the actual cause, the viruses, does not exist. In pharmacies, a variety of so-called flu products are available, which are available without a prescription. If some advice is followed, a simple cold with a cough, runny nose, and possibly mild fever usually does not require medical treatment. If the symptoms persist for more than 10 days or are still increasing, you should consult a doctor.

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