Cold - symptoms and course

The most common cold symptoms

  • One to two days after infection, the first symptom occurs: a dry and scratchy neck. The pathogens cause inflammation of the mucous membrane in the neck area. The typical complaints: redness and pain in the throat as well as problems with swallowing.
  • The cold, the most common symptom of a cold, usually occurs at the same time as the sore throat and reaches its peak on the fourth day of the common cold. He starts with a burning and tickling in the nose. At this stage, shivering, sneezing and head pressure are often added. In the following phase, aqueous, clear secretions are increasingly excreted. The eyes are tears, the nasal mucous membranes redden and swell, causing the nose to become blocked. In the last phase the secretions become viscous and yellow. Unpleasant is also the bad or missing smell and taste sense. In the worst case, the viruses can spread from the nasal mucosa to the throat, throat, bronchi, forehead and sinuses and via the naso-pharynx into the ear canal. Bacteria can easily colonize on the weakened by viruses mucosa and the worse secretion. Often, a common cold causes sinusitis (sinusitis) with pressure or pain in the maxillary sinuses.
  • Headache and body aches are almost always concomitant to the cold over four to five days, sometimes the affected additionally feel dull and chipped off.
  • At the end of the cold, the cough symptoms may begin, usually with a dry, irritating cough, which often turns into a tight cough.

The patients have a fever rarely and usually with only slightly elevated temperature. The fever is the result of infection with viruses or possibly later with bacteria. The body releases messenger substances after contact with the pathogens, which lead to an increase of the body temperature. As a result, the metabolic processes are accelerated, which supports the immune response of the body. Fever thus helps to fight the pathogens in the organism. High fever (over 39 degrees) puts a strain on the organism and should be treated with antipyretic drugs or calf rolls.

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