E - nutrition
A weak immune system is much more prone to colds than a starched one. Already through the diet, the body receives an important help to successfully ward off pathogens. In the cold period you should therefore pay attention to a sufficient intake of vitamins and protein.
In particular, the body needs folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E. Important are now mainly citrus, fish (especially mackerel, salmon and herring), whole grains and probiotic yoghurt. In addition, sauerkraut, kefir and "normal" yoghurt also contain lactobacilli, which strengthen the body's defenses. Several times a day fresh fruit and vegetables are on the menu.
High-fat foods, on the other hand, should be avoided. Lean meat is allowed. Of course, hot soups always fortify the cold season, which has the side effect of giving a lot of fluid to the body. And as Grandmother knew, homemade chicken soup boosts colds especially well.
F - fever
When foreign microorganisms invade our body warns us with fever. The increased body temperature can also be an indication that the organism fights alien substances. Especially with small children can be a very rapid increase in temperature. As a rule, fever appears as a concomitant of a disease and not as such. Slight fever promotes the recovery process.
A distinction is made between elevated temperature to 38 degrees, moderate fever below 39 degrees and high fever over 39 degrees (measured rectally). Normally, the body regulates its own temperature, but if you have a high fever, be sure to consult a doctor. Although from 40 degrees Fiebersenkende measures are initiated, but should be mainly to fight the source herd. The typical exudation of an infection is dangerous in case of fever. Instead, drink a lot, because the fluid requirement is now particularly high. In addition, you should keep a strict bed rest until the fever has subsided.
G - flu
Often a flu is mistakenly equated with a cold or a flu infection. Flu can be a really dangerous disease, while a cold is unpleasant but harmless. The flu symptoms usually affect the patient as suddenly as violently. The clinical picture is typically characterized by high fever, dry cough, severe head and joint pain and chills.
Flu is triggered by influenza viruses. These can change constantly and lead to ever new epidemics, because influenza viruses are transmitted through the smallest droplets and are therefore highly contagious. Especially children, adolescents and older people are at risk. The safest protection against flu is the annual flu vaccine, ask your doctor. The flu vaccine should take place between September and November and is particularly recommended for certain risk groups such as pensioners, asthmatics, diabetics or HIV patients. However, people with chicken protein allergy should not be vaccinated.
H - sore throat
Sore throat is often the first harbinger of a cold or a flu infection. Usually, sore throats are harmless and pass after a few days without further treatment, but they may also indicate a more serious condition. In addition, sore throat may also occur as a result of an allergic reaction or overuse of the voice. Once the immune system is weakened by a cold, bacteria can attack the oral mucosa and cause tonsillitis (angina).
If you feel a scratch in your throat, you may already be able to prevent the onset of a cold with some home remedies. A lot of drinking, warmth through scarves or neck wraps, inhaling and gargling are the most proven measures. If other symptoms of cold have already set in, lozenges, sprays or analgesics such as acetaminophen reduce the sore throat. If there is no improvement after three days, a doctor should be consulted. The same applies to additional complications, especially with high fever and respiratory problems.