Inflammation: diagnosis and treatment

Measuring inflammation

In addition to the leucocyte count, the so-called highly sensitive C-reactive protein (HSCRP or CRP for short) is increasingly regarded as an important indicator of inflammation in the interior of the body. For example, cardiovascular diseases are often preceded by years of creeping inflammation, which can be measured by the inflammatory protein CRP. This particular type of protein is increased in inflammation mainly through the liver and can be measured in the blood. The value provides information on the extent of the smallest sources of inflammation (so-called microinflammation).

Other signs of inflammation are, for example, increased blood sedimentation, the increased occurrence of immunoglobulins in the blood (increased IgE levels in allergic reactions) or the appearance of antibodies, ie certain antibodies that may be directed against certain substances, bacteria, but also body cell components - that is true eg in rheumatic diseases too.

Diagnosis and examination of inflammation

If the suspicion of inflammation increases, your doctor will narrow down the search with further examination methods. In addition to a thorough examination and the inspection of the neck, throat and ears, he has meaningful methods available with ultrasound, X-ray or endoscopic examinations, so that he usually quickly finds the cause and can initiate an adequate therapy.

Treatment of inflammation

In most cases, infection leads to inflammatory processes that often occur locally at the portal of entry of the body. Especially common are viral infections of the cervical, pharyngeal and nasal regions, which subside after a few days, without further measures being necessary. In bacterial infections, fungal or parasitic infestation, the immune system is facilitated by the drug administration of an antibiotic or the like.

Since different pathogens often show similar symptoms, the therapy sometimes needs to be adjusted. In inflammation, where the immune system plays "crazy" and builds up antibodies against the body's own components, medications help to suppress or alleviate this reaction. Often, however, these drugs must be taken long term, as the inflammatory reactions usually flare up again.

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