Actually, there is no body part and no organ that can not be affected by inflammation: from inflamed toenail to meningitis, from skin to tendonitis - everything is conceivable. And - there are very different levels of inflammation. The pimple on the nose is a local, tissue-destroying, bacterial infection. If this pimple is expressed improperly, bacteria can reach the meninges via the bloodstream and, in the worst case, cause meningitis, in the medical term meningoencephalitis.
Local and generalized inflammation
The local inflammation then goes into a so-called "generalized" inflammation. Experts use this term when the infection is not limited to one place, but affects the entire body or whole body parts. In this case, the pathogens from local sources of infection are flushed through the bloodstream into the entire organism and cause damage there.
The immune system of the body is then no longer able to stop the spread of germs, such as bacteria, viruses, occasionally fungi or parasites. Either because it is too weakened, for example after surgery, transplantation or an accident, in newborns or in sick elderly people. Sometimes the pathogens are too numerous or their poison is too aggressive.
So died Pope John Paul II. and the paralyzed actor Christopher Reeve, who became famous for his role as Superman, not because of her long-standing illnesses, but because of a severe inflammation, acute blood poisoning.
What is inflammation and how does it happen?
Inflammation is a highly complex process of the body's defense system against attacks of all kinds. It is always a reaction to pathogenic stimuli, such as poisons or foreign bodies, that damage tissue and / or cells. How pronounced the inflammation is depends on the strength, number and intensity, but also on the duration of the attacking stimuli. The goal of inflammation is always to expel the "pest" and its consequences out of the body.
Causes of inflammation
Inflammation can be caused by external as well as internal stimuli and influences. External influences are for example:
- Viruses and / or bacteria or their poisons
- Heat z. As sunburn or cold
In addition to external influences, there are also stimuli from the inside, which can lead to infections, for example:
- Metabolites z. B. uric acid crystals
- Products that have arisen due to a disturbed immune response