Viruses, bacteria, parasites - over 50 different diseases or pathogens are transmitted by infected ticks. Fortunately, the very dangerous meningitis, the so-called tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), can be avoided by vaccination. Vaccination against Borrelia infection, bacteria that the bloodsucker can leave as a gift to its host, does not yet exist. The treacherous: you can not feel ticks, so it is important, for example, to look for them after gardening. It is important to remove them as soon as possible, the longer they can catch themselves, the more the danger of infection, the Lyme disease, increases.
Lyme disease can be dangerous to the eye
And what hardly anyone knows: The disease can also seriously affect the eye: "At a later stage of the infection develops in five percent of infected people so-called neuroborreliosis, " says ophthalmologist. Thomas Neß, senior physician at the University Eye Clinic Freiburg.
"Typical of this advanced Lyme disease are failures of individual cranial nerves, such as paralysis of the facial nerve, which allows us, among other things, to close the eyelids." In addition to double images, which occur when other cranial nerves are affected, can also form inside the eye threatening inflammation. Dr. Neß: "Neuroborreliosis often involves the optic nerve, which may be pure inflammation of the optic nerve or may affect the retinal nerve fibers, as well as inflammation of the site of the sharpest vision, called the macula . "
Other possible consequences of Lyme disease on the eye include inflammation of the conjunctiva, cornea, dermis and retinal vessels. Only if the treatment with antibiotics begins in time, lasting damage can usually be contained. Because the eye diseases caused by Lyme disease only appear weeks to months after the infection, it is important that the patient does not lose any time.
Professional Association of Ophthalmologists advises: record "deadline" in the calendar
At the first sign, he should consult the ophthalmologist and tell him when the infection took place. That's why Dr. Georg Eckert, Press Officer of the Professional Association of Ophthalmologists (BVA): "Write down the date at a tick bite and always remember that the eyes may be affected." Therefore, careful observation and always the walk to the ophthalmologist is announced. "