Normally, diarrhea is not dangerous and you do not have to see a doctor. Often a simple treatment by home remedies or an adjustment of the diet with diarrhea is enough. Nevertheless, there are serious problems with diarrhea.
When to go to the doctor with diarrhea
In the following cases a visit to a doctor is essential:
- if the diarrhea is very severe or persists for more than a week
- if you have blood, mucus or pus in your stool
- if you have other symptoms besides the diarrhea, such as high fever, joint pain, or general malaise
- if signs of incipient dehydration (exsiccosis) occur, eg you have a dry mouth and little or dark urine occurs. If you feel dizzy or run black, your circulatory system is affected - a sign that your body is lacking water and you urgently need to add fluids
- if you have recently made a long-distance trip
- when small children or the elderly are affected
- if you can not compensate for the loss of fluids, for example, because of excessive nausea about drinking
Add liquid and electrolytes
The biggest problem with diarrhea is the increased loss of water and electrolytes, ie salts. So drink a lot, preferably two to three liters a day. Suitable drinks include teas (the tannins contained in black tea also soothe the inflamed intestinal mucosa) with sugar, lemonade or cola.
Do you have diarrhea because you have stress or anxiety? Drink a calming tea made of equal parts of chamomile and marigold blossoms and raspberry leaves. In pharmacies there are special electrolyte solutions; You can also mix such a drink yourself from five teaspoons of grape sugar and half a teaspoon of salt to half a liter of water.
If you have an appetite, you nibble a few pretzel sticks. Slime soups also provide fluid, are easy to digest and do not burden the intestinal mucosa in addition. For this you boil oatmeal, rice or semolina with a little water and then dilute the mixture until it has soup consistency.
Medicines for diarrhea
Loperamide inhibits bowel muscle activity and thus stops diarrhea immediately. However, it also inhibits the excretion of toxins or pathogens. Therefore, you should not take this remedy for more than two days. If there is no improvement, please consult a doctor.
Other medicines like Perenterol® contain yeast, which inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria in the intestines and helps to rebuild the natural intestinal flora. Adsorbents have a physical effect: they bind dissolved substances such as poisons and thus combat the cause of the diarrhea. These agents include activated carbon, kaolin and silica.
Other preparations contain tannins. These seal off the inflamed intestinal mucosa and calm it down. Tannins are also found in black tea and many plants. Antibiotics should be used only if the bacterial pathogens of the diarrhea are known. Only in this way is the already attacked intestinal flora spared. Mostly it is not necessary to use antibiotics.
Butylscopolamine can help with abdominal cramps. However, you should not take this medicine for more than a few days without a doctor's order.
Diarrhea: Relief from plants
From Africa comes the Uzara root, which inhibits intestinal movements and calms the intestinal mucosa. Other herbal remedies are tormentil, oak bark or dried blueberries, they inhibit secretion, contain tannins and have a constricting effect. Raw psyllium and pectin from raw apples (best to finely grind the apple) contain swelling substances that bind toxins and fluid. You can obtain preparations containing these active substances in the pharmacy of your choice.
Diarrhea treatment with acupressure
Acupressure can help with diarrhea. To do this, look for the item "Spleen 4" (gong sun or grandson of the prince) on the inside edge of your foot. It is located approximately in the middle of the inner edge, where the skin changes color. Press as tight as you can for about one or two minutes and repeat the treatment after half an hour if necessary.
Prevent better than treat
Many annoying diarrheal diseases are easy to avoid. Travel diarrhea is the best way to "cook it, peel it or leave it". When traveling to warm countries, pay particular attention to where your drinking water comes from: either drink boiled or originally packaged water from bottles (also use for brushing your teeth). Other hazards may be ice cubes, raw or semi-cooked foods (especially seafood, fish, eggs, meat and poultry) and sauces or salads.
If a vomiting diarrhea just "rages" in your family, you may be able to avoid infection by following strict hygiene practices, such as washing your hands with a viral antiseptic. Maintain a balanced, high-fiber diet, so that your intestinal flora is always in top shape.