What are drugs? By definition, these are natural, semi-synthetic or fully synthetic compounds that are deliberately included to bring about an experience and consciousness change. In addition to illegal intoxicants such as cocaine, cannabis, heroin and others, the drugs include quite legally purchasable products such as alcohol, cigarettes and caffeine. But not only the pharmacological effect makes a substance to the drug, but only the abuse.
Reasons for drug abuse: intoxication instead of solving problems
The reasons for substance abuse are many. Intoxicating drugs; The ingestion of intoxicants gives pleasure, exhilaration and thrill. It can also be created perceptual distortions or illusions, are influenced by the mood and feelings - up to the hallucinogenic effect.
Mind-altering substances are especially used when loneliness, frustration, inner emptiness and the loss of life perspectives prevail. Unmasked problems, unsatisfactory living conditions or difficult relationships with family, friends and colleagues are further risk factors, as a result of which an abuse behavior can develop.
Sometimes drugs are also medically indicated: Those who suffer from depression or anxiety, prescribed painkillers, tranquilizers or antidepressants. Abuse or addiction occurs when it is a chronic intoxicant intake, so that it comes to a mental or physical dependence.
Well, cheers! - Drug # 1 is free to sell
Alcohol is considered the main drug in Germany, with all occupations, social classes and genders affected by alcoholism. According to the Deutsche Leberhilfe eV, around 3.5 million Germans are liver disease. Among the 25- to 45-year-olds, liver cirrhosis is the leading cause of death in Germany. Every year, 5, 000 Germans die of liver cancer and presumably more than one million people in Germany suffer from alcohol-related fatty liver or chronic liver inflammation.
Smoking: role of the media
Despite warnings about health risks, about one in four smokes regularly in Germany for more than 15 years. Most worryingly, so many young people smoke: 19.4% are in the age group 15 to under 20 years.
Smoking in the media certainly has a significant influence on the younger age groups: in many films and in fashion, smoking is still portrayed as the epitome of freedom and lifestyle. The smoking performers never cough, but on the contrary, they are especially healthy and fun-loving.
The risks such as chronic bronchitis or lung cancer, however, are swept under the table. It is now clearly proven that smoking is the single most important single cause of cancer. Tobacco smoke contains many carcinogens that promote not only lung cancer, but also lips, tongues, pharynx, larynx, and esophageal cancer. The likelihood of developing chronic bronchitis increases with the number of cigarettes smoked daily.
Trust is good, parental control is better
Rigorous parents reduce drug use, according to a study by the Antidrug Center in New York. It turned out that certain rules and controls on the part of parents have a positive effect on the behavior of their adolescent children between the ages of 12 and 17 years.
The more parents took educational measures such as school performance monitoring, TV and Internet habits monitoring and CD shopping, the lower the risk that the children would use alcohol, cigarettes or illegal drugs. Shared meals and a lot of time for family talk turned out to be positive.
World Drug Day June 26th
The United Nations declared June 26th to be the World Day for Drugs. For some years now, the problem of drug use has been pointed out. The discussion and information provided by the Federal Center for Health Education (BzgA) is aimed especially at adolescents.