Working biting tools have been the epitome of "wellness" at all times and in all cultures. Show me your teeth and I'll tell you who you are. In the modern media society, it is a matter of course that the permanent smile moderators shine on television with a bright white, flawless teeth.
But even in the mysterious early days of man functioning biter played a major role. The reason is obvious: long before man grasped the first hand ax, the first spear or any other tool, a multifunction tool was always there - the bit.
"Dentists" of the early days
Already 8000 years ago there were dentists. According to the latest archaeological findings, broken teeth were used to treat defective teeth in Mehrgarh, an excavation site in present-day Pakistan. From the "tooth worm" was also in the 2nd millennium BC. In Mesopotamia the speech. A clay tablet with Babylonian cuneiform testifies to this. It is now kept in the British Museum in London. In the Old Testament, the phrase "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is an eloquent expression of the importance attributed to the biting tools. It could have been ear to ear, nose to nose, or arm to arm.
First descriptions of irregularities of the teeth can be found in Hippocrates (25 BC-50 AD). Celsus recommends the removal of deciduous teeth at the onset of permanent successors (129-199 AD).
The Middle Ages: birth of the fear of the dentist
In the Middle Ages it was the so-called Bader who were responsible for the dental treatment. Their duties also included the cutting of nails, beard and hair as well as the sale of doubtful potions and tinctures. If you want to get an idea of the life of Bader, you should read Noah Gordon's novel "Der Medicus" for reading. The Bader were traveling merchants who mostly took to the pliers for lack of technical equipment.
For example, it shows "The Tooth Breaker" from the book of the Jost Ammann with verses by Hans Sachs (1568, Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg). The fear of the dentist, which is still widespread today, is probably rooted in these dark times.
The tooth in the modern age
With the electricity and the electric motor, the progress also came to the dental office. In the 20th century, in the field of dentistry, too, one discovery and one innovation chased the other. For several generations, preventive care such as brushing one's baby's teeth has become a matter of course. In large parts of the population, it is also a good thing that malpositions of the teeth in children and adolescents are corrected early by wearing a brace and a variety of other orthodontic measures. But especially in the modern leisure society threatens the teeth now from another side of danger.