Around 80 percent of Germans are struggling with pulling, pressing and pain in the backbone - more and more younger people are affected. The orthopedist Reinhard Schneiderhan clarifies the ten biggest misunderstandings regarding back pain.
When back pain you should not move
Error! For many diseases it may be true that rest helps with pain. Not so with complaints in the back. As one of the main reasons specialists call again and again lack of movement. "Spinal discs require water and nutrients, and relieving and relieving, as in physical activity, cause a pumping movement, so they suck up like sponges with fluid, " says the spine specialist from Munich.
He advises to begin moderately back-friendly sports. This promotes the care of the intervertebral discs and strengthens the muscles on the back, which also strengthen the spine. Chronic complaints should be examined by an orthopedist to determine the causes and the way forward.
Reason for back pain: Worn vertebrae and intervertebral discs
Not correct! Beginning mild pain indicates more tense muscles, little movement or wrong movements. Vertebrae and intervertebral discs are regarded as stable elements of the body and do not wear out until very old age. Other pain causes: displaced intervertebral discs, pinched nerves and wrong posture.
Standing strained and sitting relaxes back and intervertebral discs
Error! Although many people perceive sitting as beneficial in comparison to standing, it is not relaxing for the intervertebral discs. Upright, a pressure of about 100 percent on the sensitive shock absorber, in straight sitting he rises to 140. Most consider a slightly bent forward seating position for particularly comfortable. Here, the burden even doubles to just under 200 percent. What seems to do well, in the long run achieves exactly the opposite: damage to the back.
A lumbago is a herniated disc
For many people: lumbago equals herniated disc. What the vernacular regards as identical distinguishes the specialist exactly. A lumbago only describes a sharp pain in the back, caused by nerve irritation and pronounced muscle tension. Causes include diseases such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis or disc syndrome.
In a herniated disc ruptures the outer shell of the disc. As a result, the soft nucleus comes out and presses on the posterior spinal canal. This is followed by persistent, severe pain and numbness in the arms and legs.
Hard mattresses are good for the back
No. Too hard sleeping documents lead to cavities in the lumbar region and tension in the muscles. Chronic pain and sleep disorders follow. Too soft mattresses in turn do not stabilize the back well enough. Medium degrees of hardness are best suited. They protect against tension and support the sensitive cross. "In addition, I advise sufferers to insist on individual advice, but also on trial loungers when buying a bed." Special neck pillows between the head and shoulders promote a healthy reclining position ", explains Dr. med. med. Schneiderhan.
Physical stress damages the back
This is only conditionally. For example, anyone who practices sports with one-sided movements for a long time permanently damages his spine. Tennis, golf or rowing are included. The main cause of back pain still remains lack of exercise. Sporting activity prevents complaints.
Of course, high-performance athletes as well as physically stressed professional workers are considered endangered. Here lies the cause in insufficient compensating movement. Research has shown, however, that only five percent of the signs of wear are due to physical stress. In addition, who lazily sits on the couch throughout the winter and in the spring in a move 50 boxes carries, need not be surprised at pain by tension
Mild back pain disappears by itself
Right, not every backache needs to be treated by a doctor, but it does not disappear by itself. Pay attention to more athletic activity and correct movements, such as correct sitting, complaints often pass after a short time. Nevertheless, a visit to a specialist can not hurt to exclude worse.
Only surgeries help with a herniated disc
This used to be true. Today, more than 80 percent of herniated discs are treated with new minimally invasive methods. For example, specialists use spinal catheter therapy and intervertebral disc lasers for disc protrusions and incidents. In a few cases, specialists resort to modern neurosurgical procedures rather than conventional surgery.
Cold in winter makes the back prone to pain
It is true that many people in winter suffer from backbone pain. Not right: Cold always causes discomfort. Often, wet and cold weather and shorter days mean that many people use the car for short trips, spend as little time outside as possible, and prefer to spend their free time on the cuddly sofa. This results in acute physical inactivity and associated back pain.
Back problems only occur in old age
False, because back pain affects about 60 percent of Germans between 14 and 29 years, according to a survey of company health insurance funds. Reasons are obvious. Due to the change in our culture, today we are sitting in business and leisure much more than 50 years ago. There are also wrong attitude and lack of exercise. "A herniated disc in the beginning of 30 is no longer a rarity, " emphasizes spine specialist Schneiderhan.