With age, dogs and cats are at risk of developing diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus). In addition to obesity, a number of different factors can trigger the life-threatening disease.
Important is the early detection
Dogs usually become ill in middle age between the ages of seven and nine, with bitches developing diabetes mellitus much more often than males. In cats, both male and female animals become equally ill; However, castrated, overweight hangovers are at an increased risk.
If your pet drinks more and more often needs to make "rivulets, " it may be the first sign of diabetes. If nothing is done, incurable damage to internal organs occurs, which can lead to death in the further course. Even if there is no cure so far, diabetes can be treated well. The suffering, however, must be recognized early.
What is diabetes mellitus?
The term diabetes mellitus refers to a disorder of the metabolism. It is triggered by a lack of the hormone insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and ensures that the sugar extracted from the diet, the glucose, passes from the bloodstream into the body's cells. There he is needed as an energy supplier.
If the animal lacks insulin, his body can no longer use the sugar absorbed with food. The glucose remains in the blood and the blood sugar level continues to rise. Insulin deficiency in most diabetic dogs is due to destruction of the insulin-producing cells.
The causes are responsible for hereditary predisposition, infections or tumors of the pancreas. In cats, diabetes is triggered by many factors: lack of exercise, improper diet and above all obesity play an important role.