The top priority in an intestinal inflammation is the correction of water and salt loss. This can be done with the help of tea or thin, salted mucus soups. Also recommended is the simultaneous intake of salt and glucose (glucose) - for example, by the consumption of pretzel sticks with a glass of cola. Because the glucose allows the intestinal cells to absorb electrolytes. Pre-made liquids are also commercially available with the ideal composition of glucose, water and electrolytes recommended by the WHO.
In acute diarrhea: abandonment of food
In severe cases of intestinal inflammation (enteritis), any oral intake must be avoided, as in the case of vomiting the situation would worsen. Here only the intravenous administration of special solutions can help directly into the bloodstream.
During acute diarrhea, eating should be avoided altogether. The subsequent food buildup is made by black tea with rusk, oatmeal and pureed foods. The good digestibility of the food relieves the digestive organs, at the same time provides valuable ingredients and thus supports the self-healing process.
Medicines as therapy
Symptomatic bowel inflammatory therapy may also include the use of plugging drugs. The use of these funds, however, is only recommended for travel at short notice, because they delay the elimination of the pathogens. Likewise, anticonvulsant substances should not be used to treat an intestinal inflammation for an extended period of time.
If somehow possible, the administration of an antibiotic should only be done by the doctor after the pathogen has been detected. So you can target a germ, while sparing the natural intestinal flora. In most cases, however, the use of drugs to treat intestinal inflammation is not necessary.
Prevention of intestinal infections
Targeted treatment of drinking water, food and personal hygiene can significantly reduce the risk of infection. These include, especially abroad, the boiling of tap water, which should then be used for brushing teeth. In addition, only originally sealed drinks should be consumed and only freshly cooked, cooked or fried foods should be consumed.
Caution should be exercised with uncooked water (including ice cubes), ice cream and cold, raw or semi-cooked foods (especially fish, seafood and meat), especially in warm ambient temperatures. Sows of any kind, salads, fruits and melons that have already been pre-sliced are also a danger, which is why they should be avoided.
Vaccines for example against typhus or cholera have been around for some time. However, due to the large range of variation of the pathogen, especially the latter offers only a low protection, which is why such vaccinations are recommended only conditionally, especially since each vaccine also carries a certain risk in itself. For travelers, "cook it, boil it, peel it, or forget it."