Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance that was discovered in 1957 at the University of Wisconsin. Q10 is made both by the body itself and by food. Nevertheless, some manufacturers offer supplements, creams and lotions with extra portions of coenzyme Q10. Experts call these extra portions useless. What is the effect of Coenzyme Q10? Are there any side effects? How is there a lack of Q10?
Occurrence and effects of Coenzyme Q10
The human body converts relatively large amounts of coenzyme Q10 every day. However, since he also makes the coenzyme himself, it is rarely a deficiency. In addition, the substance is also absorbed through the diet - corn, sardines, soy, nuts, meat, poultry and some vegetable oils are particularly rich in the coenzyme.
In the body Q10 is used as part of the mitochondria, where the inhaled oxygen is consumed and energy is gained from food. Also in the defense against oxidative stress, this coenzyme plays an important role, since it captures free radicals. Therefore, Q10 is said to have a skin-tightening and health-promoting effect.
Coenzyme Q10: Deficiency and Uses
A lack of coenzyme Q10 is rare in a normal diet. However, the level of coenzyme in the organs occasionally decreases with increasing age. This can lead to hypertension, cardiac muscle disorders, heart failure and arteriosclerosis.
However, whether or not an additional dose of Q10 can help in this regard has not yet been clearly established. However, initial studies indicate that Q10 could be used to lower high blood pressure and prevent migraine headaches.
Studies on the effect of coenzyme Q10
Also in the treatment of patients with heart failure (heart failure), researchers from Copenhagen in 2013 could achieve success. In their study, the death rate of seriously ill patients was almost halved by the administration of Q10. However, sufferers should not take the coenzyme without prior consultation with their doctor due to possible drug-drug interactions.
Other studies refute the suspected effects of Q10. For example, a 2014 New York study looked at whether high-dose coenzyme Q10 can slow Parkinson's disease at an early stage. However, the study concluded that Parkinson's is not slowed by the radical scavengers, but may even be accelerated.
Side effects of coenzyme Q10
When taking Coenzyme Q10 capsules, the side effects should be considered. There are no concerns about maintaining the regular daily dose of ten to a maximum of 30 milligrams per day. However, higher doses may cause the following side effects of Q10:
- stomach pain
- a headache
- skin rash
In addition, patients taking anti-coagulant medication should refrain from using Q10 as a dietary supplement.
Capsules and cream with coenzyme Q10
Anti-aging creams and body lotions with Q10 are said to tighten the skin and give it a younger look. In addition, coenzyme Q10 is often offered as a nutritional supplement in capsule form. The manufacturers of Q10 supplements are promoting "health-promoting effects" and "strengthening the body's defenses".
With regard to the latter two statements, however, the effect of Q10 preparations was refuted already in 2001 by the Federal Institute for Consumer Health Protection and Veterinary Medicine (bgvv). An in-depth study found that while taking the supplements was not harmful to health, it also "failed to demonstrate any significant positive effects on the function of the human body."
In a study of anti-aging creams Stiftung Warentest certified the products only "microscopic successes". So, while the effects of coenzyme Q10 continue to be researched, consumers should better focus on healthy lifestyles and a balanced diet, rather than relying on chemical supplements, to stay healthy and young for a long time.