A lot of LDL causes arteriosclerosis
However, the main reason why LDL was declared a villain lies in another peculiarity of this transporter: If many of them are on the "road" (of the blood), it can easily happen that one of them is involved in an "accident", In this case, his entire cargo "fall on the road" and there, since it is no longer soluble, "stick". Then they can no longer fulfill their solution task, and the cholesterol they carry, now insoluble, deposits at the site of the "accident" in the vessel. Now it can come to a vicious circle: the vessel is vulnerable by the greasy surface at this point loses its flexibility. It comes to small damage, which are fixed by "construction crews".
In the area of the construction site, however, like on the highways, new accidents are made easier, with other LDLs dumping their dangerous goods on the street. Repeating this many times, it eventually leads to a vessel with a thick wall consisting of many cholesterol-containing, hardened layers, which can no longer stretch flexibly under load, but ruptures more easily. In addition, the diameter of the vessel is narrowed by the deposits. Arteriosclerosis develops.
The consequences of a bad HDL / LDL ratio
In addition to arteriosclerosis, it also leads to the formation of thrombi, ie deposits on the vessel inner wall. The consequences of both diseases are fatal: it leads to coronary heart disease (CHD), which reaches its peak in heart attack. Similarly, the thrombi may cause pulmonary embolism or stroke. The so-called intermittent claudication may also occur, an arterial occlusive disease.
Risk factors - what is bad for me?
Malnutrition and obesity are two major risk factors, as they can easily trigger an over-enrichment of the blood. In addition, there is a lack of exercise and hereditary factors that alter fat metabolism, as well as thyroid disorders - they all increase the risk of being affected by the diseases mentioned above due to the deterioration of blood lipids.
How can I control my cholesterol?
In order to lower an elevated cholesterol, there are two possibilities: on the one hand, it is possible to reduce the intake of cholesterol with the food, on the other hand one can inhibit the body's own production. The former is easier to reach and also completely harmless: the human body can indeed raise its own cholesterol supply by its own production, so that a deficiency disease is not to be feared here. Much can be done through skillful, tasty and consistent change in dietary habits. However, if you want to limit the body's production of the small universal module, you must resort to medication.
Nutrition change - what should I pay attention to?
Cholesterol is first included only in animal foods. Secondly, it is naturally more abundant, the more greasy the food is. A true cholesterol bomb is the chicken egg, but only the egg yolk contains cholesterol. There is already as much cholesterol in an egg as the maximum recommended daily dose. Beware of "hidden" eggs, which are found for example in pasta and bakery products! Also, milk (and therefore butter) is an animal food and contains a lot of cholesterol. The use of lean dairy products can help here. Seafood such as shrimp are also true cholesterol bombs, and should be consumed in moderation. In principle, it is recommended to eat fiber rich and low in fat, if the blood lipid levels are above the normal value. A predominantly vegetarian diet is urgently advised. Regular moderate exercise (walking, swimming, cycling) also helps lower cholesterol.
Drug therapy - what happens here?
If nothing else helps, drugs that "trim" the fat balance of the blood can also be used. But beware! Again, one can not steal out of a change in his diet, because the drug therapy is at best an addition. As over-the-counter drugs, there are those in the pharmacy that contain artichoke extracts. These directly cause a decrease in LDL and an increase in HDL and also increase bile flow, so that more cholesterol is consumed overall. Also garlic is also ascribed a cholesterol-lowering effect, and corresponding preparations are available in the pharmacy. In addition, there are still drugs that the doctor must prescribe. In any case, if the blood lipid levels are poor, consult a doctor for advice.