Whenever hands are used for examination and treatment, one can speak of a manual treatment - this term is neither reserved for a particular form of therapy nor does it say anything about the training of the practitioner. Manual medicine, on the other hand, is a form of treatment reserved for physicians who have completed some additional training. In German-speaking countries, manual medicine is also called chirotherapy - manual medicine and chirotherapy are the same thing.
What is behind the different terms?
Thus, while chiropractic is practiced by doctors, non-medical practitioners, as well as other non-physicians with additional training in manual manipulation techniques, may call themselves chiropractors, they practice chiropractic (or chiropractic).
A further development of chiropractic is kinesiology with its various sub-forms (eg Touch for Health, Applied Kinesiology, Brain-Gym, Psychokinesiology). Some forms are practiced by trained doctors, chiropractors and physiotherapists, others by health-conscious laymen.
As a manual therapy, however, various forms of treatment are referred to both specific, by the medical Chirotherapeuten to specially trained physiotherapists (physiotherapists) delegated treatment measures of manual medicine, as well as various manual treatments that have nothing to do with chiropractic, but where the hands therapeutic be used - this formulation should therefore question exactly the content.
On the one hand, a wide variety of physiotherapy techniques are part of manual therapy, including the techniques of Bruges, Brunkow, Cyriax, Janda, Maitland and McKenzie. On the other hand, another very common manual therapeutic method is osteopathy with the subforms parietal osteopathy, visceral osteopathy and cranio-sacral osteopathy (craniosacral therapy).
Osteopathy in America recognized as a form of medicine
While osteopathy is recognized as a form of medicine in America - some universities teach medicine according to osteopathic beliefs - there is a separate profession in the UK besides doctors, chiropractors and physiotherapists. In Germany, neither the training nor the practice of osteopathy is uniformly regulated, so that you should inform yourself in each case exactly about the training of his therapist.
There are also various, rather regional forms of manual treatment. In Germany, for example, includes the Dorn therapy or manual neurotherapy to Australia, the Bowtech comes from America Rolfing. They are not so widespread, the training is carried out by different providers, a special education is usually not necessary.