If one looks at the inconspicuous, pointed, conical bald head, the thin whitish mushroom looks rather harmless - and that's exactly what it is not, on the contrary. It causes hallucinations 20 minutes after eating, sometimes it is colorful sensory perception, and sometimes the trip to the drug world ends in a horror trip. The bald head is one of the "magic mushrooms" that started years ago into the party scene and are almost as popular among connoisseurs as ecstasy.
Drug use has a long history
As reported by the German Nature Conservation Union (NABU), drug use has been common in all cultures since time immemorial. Already over 10, 000 years ago, people use plant drugs for hunting, war, healing and rituals. In South America, the enjoyment of coca leaves has long been common. Mushrooms had a sacred status among primitive peoples and were used in spiritual ceremonies even before the discovery of alcohol.
What is relatively new these days is the trend among young people to "Biodrogen" as the magic mushrooms with their hallucinatory effect: they are easy and cheap to procure from garden or nature and are not subject to any legal provisions. Rescue services and clinics are increasingly confronted with life-threatening complications and severe mental states after biodrogen consumption. The problem with the plants often prepared as teas is their strongly fluctuating active ingredient content. Dose and effect are hardly predictable - with the risk of unexpected complications. The effect of the numerous ingredients is barely explored.
Magic mushrooms are among the organic or magic drugs. These are drugs from the plant world with "psychoactive" substances - ie they change the consciousness, cause eg hallucinations. The magic mushrooms contain the two active ingredients psilocybin and psilocin. They taste very bitter, nausea and stomach problems can occur. After some time, a changed body sensation is added, space and time feeling are perceived differently, some experience hallucinations.
If the fungal dose is too large, if it is not taken consciously or if the consumer is in a problematic environment, negative ideas are often created: anxiety, depression, confusion, a blurring of illusion and reality. Since the autonomic nervous system has been stimulated, you get wide pupils, a fast heartbeat, high blood pressure and sometimes elevated blood sugar and increased body temperature.
In addition to the magic mushrooms, nightshade plants such as the henbane - with which, as Shakespeare is said, Hamlet's father was killed - are in high drug content in fashion, as well as mescalinhaltige cacti and even skins of exotic toads. The fruits of the belladonna, datura and angel trumpet also contain substances that act on the nervous system.
Biodrogens, once eaten or drunk, quickly get to the brain and cause delusions, restlessness, dreams, feelings of pleasure and the idea of being able to fly. 10, 50 or 100 cores are enough to trigger life-threatening unconsciousness, seizures and cardiac arrhythmias, and belladonna symptoms include fruit, acute symptoms such as agitation, euphoria, intoxication and confusion, hallucinations, violence, loss of control, dwindling consciousness long-lasting psychotic processes feared, "writes the NABU.
Not at all harmless: synthetic party drugs
The term party drug plays down a seemingly legal and harmless drug use, which more and more adolescents indulge, because it is simply "cool" to enjoy Speed, Ecstasy or Thai at least occasionally. Partydrogen or designer drugs are synthetic chemical compounds that have been developed from known drugs or intoxicants - sometimes professional and "clean", often nipped with dangerous diluents. They seem to be a harmless concession in a fun society geared to ever new dimensions of experience.
In the techno scene, they are traded as a stimulant, but in consequence, they are nothing but hard drugs. Almost all designer drugs have a mood-enhancing, stimulating and euphoric effect. They can cause severe psychosis, brain damage, depression and other illnesses, including death. No wonder, because the 100 million nerve cells, which transmit the signals in the brain, are sustainably influenced.
Metabolic processes control very different mental states such as fear or happiness, but with frequent use of the drug substances brain and psyche out of balance. But in the beginning, it was all about enjoyment or fun. After a long period of use, drugs in unstable people are increasingly used to conceal weaknesses and inhibitions or difficulties. After all, you can not get along without drugs - these are mental withdrawal syndromes.
Well over half of Technopartys visitors use Ecstasy (E, XTC, MDMA). The colorful, sometimes imaginatively printed pills are considered the lucky charms in the scene, as they release the messenger serotonin, a hormone that also controls appetite and sleep, the sex drive and body temperature. MDMA is the abbreviation for 3, 4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. It creates a relaxed, euphoric and waking state that is not normally accompanied by hallucinations. However, the quality and composition of the pills are highly variable.
Ecstasy has been subject to the Narcotics Act since 1996. Often the drug is mixed with other substances (fentanyl, heroin, cocaine, LSD and strychnine). The drug clearly damages the brain function. This is the result of a study conducted by a research group headed by Privatdozent dr. Rainer Thomasius from the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE). One result of the study was that more than a quarter of ecstasy users had psychotic disorders such as hallucinations, misdiagnosis or delusions. In addition, there are relationship ideas in which relationships with persons or objects are perceived that are not real.
A known and threatening side effect of MDMA is a massive increase in body temperature ("hyperpyrexia") over 40 degrees. The temperature increase is accompanied by muscle stiffness, muscle breakdown and kidney failure. Even early intensive care treatment can not always prevent death from heart failure.
Sometimes it comes after a few days to an "ecstasy hangover", which manifests itself in depression, insomnia and loss of appetite. This is where a vicious circle often begins, because the desire for a positive mood is causing many consumers to take the next pill.
Amphetamine or speed
Speed is the fashion name for amphetamine or methamphetamine. It is considered as a stimulant and fit for long party nights. Already in the war, then known as "Weckamin", it was given to the soldiers to increase their efficiency. It releases the power hormone norepinephrine, as well as dopamine, which boosts self-esteem. The long-term effects of amphetamines include an extreme mental dependence. Anyone who has taken the remedy for longer suffers from sleep and restlessness. Often, delusions are added. Chronic use can lead to a difficult to treat amphetamine psychosis.
Speed is obtained as a white powder, sometimes in tablet form, also called "thaipille". There is also the variant crystal speed, in the 100 percent amphetamine or methamphetamine stuck. Methamphetamine is significantly more potent than amphetamine - it lasts for up to 30 hours and acts as a "normal" amphetamine for four to six hours. After the effect disappears, the euphoric effects often turn into the opposite, causing depression and aggression. Typical of prolonged consumption is increased blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries, heart damage, body aches.
Always risky are the unknown purity and composition of the drug. Often, amphetamines are also combined with other drugs for a stronger effect. Especially the drug LSD is often stretched with speed.
LSD - lysergic acid diethylamide
LSD is the abbreviation for the complicated name Lysergsäurediäthylamid, whereby the component lysergic acid from the ergot, a poisonous cereal mushroom, is won. It was first produced in 1938 by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann. He discovered the hallucinogenic effect rather by accident, when he wanted to develop from ergot alkaloid actually only a circulatory stimulant. LSD is a colorless and odorless powder, which is applied as a solution to a carrier, such as blotting paper.
Almost always LSD comes in the form of harmless-looking paper trips ("Trips", "Tickets", "Pappen") or mini-pills, which are called "micros", on the market. Micros are much higher than the paper. Once the effect starts, it can lead to disorientation and balance disorders, sweating, dizziness and nausea. The responsiveness is severely limited. The pupils dilate, blood pressure and temperature rise and breathing accelerates.
Under LSD it comes to hallucinations such as moving walls, change in body awareness (can fly) and the sense of space and time, blurring of the boundaries between person and environment, euphoria and mental leaps. A big danger: the distorted perception and hallucinations lead to false reactions and accidents or self-destructive actions.
LSD is a sense amplifier, therefore, sensations, especially in a negative mood can suddenly turn into fear and panic. So you end up on the dreaded "horror trip". Frequent consumption leads to the formation of tolerance: the dose must be increased in order for the same effect to occur. In some cases it can come weeks after the last intake to so-called "flashbacks". All of a sudden, a very unpleasant noise effect occurs here without LSD being consumed.
The biggest danger of LSD consumption is "getting stuck" - this is a drug psychosis that leads to the consumer, for example, repeatedly hallucinations, although the effect of the drug is long gone.