Screen Ordinance - Duties of the employer
If you work more than three hours a day on the monitor, you have a so-called VDU workstation. In the case of employees, the employer is then obliged under the Occupational Health and Safety Act to allow them to undergo regular occupational medical examinations. The Screen Ordinance grants employees a comprehensive right to a healthy workspace: Low-radiation screens are just as much part of it as ergonomic office furniture, user-friendly software and sufficient lighting.
Right to eye examination
Employees at VDU workplaces are also entitled to an adequate eye and vision examination. It should be offered in writing and take place during working hours. The costs are borne by the employer. This applies to those employees who "usually use a display device in a significant part of their normal work". The occupational cooperative principle for occupational health check-ups at VDU workplaces G 37 defines this as work that can not be done without screen support.
Tips: work properly on the screen
In order to alleviate the symptoms effectively or not even let arise, you can do a lot yourself. Here are the most important tips:
- The right lighting: The concentration is particularly stressed when the workplace is incorrectly lit. In artificial lighting, you should pay attention to the correct illuminance and avoid glare or reflections. The ideal lighting is still the daylight, but only without direct sunlight. The bigger the monitor, the better. Screen diagonals of at least 17 inches are important. The viewing direction on the screen should always be parallel to the window front in order to avoid high light contrasts.
- The ideal distance between the eyes and the monitor is 50 to 60 centimeters.
- Absolutely necessary are regular breaks, if possible with relaxation exercises - both for the eyes and especially for the head and neck muscles. Keep looking into the distance again and again.
- If symptoms persist, an ophthalmologist should be consulted.
- Pay attention to a refresh rate (indicates how often an image is built up per unit time) of your graphics card of at least 60 Hertz (75 HZ for CRT screens). To control your refresh rate when in doubt: Many people discover a slight flicker on bright monitor surfaces when they look about 30 inches from the monitor. If the white area on the monitor flickers when viewed, the refresh rate is certainly too low. By the way: The higher the resolution of the screen, the lower the refresh rate may be.
- You should definitely refrain from smoking in front of the monitor. Because of the inherently innocuous electrostatic field countless smallest smoke and dust particles are thrown back onto the skin and eyes.
- Eyeglass wearers suffering from eye problems may be able to help purchase special glasses for VDU workstations. Their lenses are specially adapted to the distances in the screen area and make it easier to see, especially at close range.