More than half of the adult population has varying degrees of superficial vein changes. But many people are only cosmetically unsightly spider veins, ie small reddish-blue veins on the thighs and lower legs and not a pathological findings such as varicose veins.
Delimit spider veins from couperose
Spider veins are caused by dilation of small blood vessels, which lie directly under the skin surface. They occur mainly in the lower half of the body, sometimes on the face. Spider veins on the face are not couperose.
Couperose are plant-related vascular dilations, which are highly branched and sometimes form net-like structures. Both the expression and the origin are different in couperose and spider veins.
Spider veins: cause and cost
The causes of spider veins are often undetectable, but congenital connective tissue weakness favors their formation as well as varicose veins. Spider veins do not need to be removed or treated, unlike varicose veins.
But especially in summer, when you like to wear shorts or dresses, skirts and bikinis, spider veins are disturbing. There are several outpatient procedures with which you can do something about spider veins. The cost of a spider vein treatment is not covered by the statutory health insurance.
Remove spider veins
What can be done against spider veins? To have spider veins removed, there are three different ways:
- Desolate spider veins
- Apply spider rice cream
- Spider veins laser
Each of these three ways of removing spider veins is discussed in the following paragraphs.
Desolate spider veins
First, spider veins can be removed by chemical means. Sclerotic spider veins are referred to in the medical jargon as sclerotherapy and takes about 30 minutes: An alcoholic sclerosing agent is injected under local anesthesia with a very fine needle in the spider veins. The agent irritates the vessel wall, triggers a local inflammation with the result that the vein walls stick together. The spider veins disappear. However, this method assumes that the spider veins are so large that the attending physician can hit them with a cannula.
Temporarily there may be slight pain at the injection site. Even a burning sensation can occur. After the procedure, it is necessary to wear a compression bandage or compression stocking. In addition, ugly brown spots may form on the skin.
Spider veins: cream as an antidote
There are also special spider veins creams with high vitamin K1 content. This broom travel cream is applied twice a day to damp, warm skin. It penetrates deeply into the connective tissue. There vitamin K1 influences the coagulation ability and increases the blood circulation. So the spider veins cream relieves veins.
Spider veins laser
The third and more commonly used treatment method is to have spider veins lasered - mind you under local anesthesia. Lasering the spider veins has fewer side effects than sclerotherapy and no compression therapy is needed.
The laser exposes a focused amount of energy point by point as it is guided along the vessel surface to be treated on the leg surface. It is absorbed by the red blood pigment. The contents of the tube literally evaporates. It creates a pressure wave on the vessel walls, they clap together. Platelets attach to the vessel walls, which is why the vessel walls stick together. Another blood flow is no longer possible.
The lasering of the spider veins is especially suitable for medium and very fine spider veins. For larger spider veins the sclerotherapy is to be combined with the laser.
Spider veins lasers: Painful?
The so-called Nutrient Vessel, a slightly larger venous branch, sometimes needs to be removed in advance with a mini surgical procedure. The laser therapy can be done on an outpatient basis. Depending on the size of the area to be treated, the time required varies between 10 and 30 minutes. Further sessions can take place every three to four weeks.
Laser therapy involves a certain risk. The laser light can cause a very strong inflammation. It can lead to a loss of pigment and thus to an impression of the vein. In the first weeks after the laser application, the risk of infection is increased, because the skin is even more permeable. And it may temporarily lead to allergic reactions such as itching or redness.
Prevent spider veins
Spider veins can not be completely avoided, but you can do a lot for the venous health to prevent varicose veins from joining. Very important is physical exercise: Walking on park or forest trails with a solid surface can improve the veins function, because the tension of the leg muscles, a pressure on the adjacent veins is exercised. Also cycling, decongestion, swimming, dancing, cross-country skiing or hiking are good.
Special venous exercises can be performed anywhere: raise and lower the heels or toes 10 times each while standing up. While sitting, let your feet circle ten times, or pull up and stretch out your toes. Water treading and morning cold fountains also counteract vein problems. If you like to beat one another's legs, you should get rid of it quickly.