When the skin gets sick through its own work: Occupational dermatosis undisputedly occupies a leading position among all occupational diseases. What exactly is occupational dermatosis? Many occupations pose a great burden on the skin, and constant contact with allergy-causing substances is often difficult to avoid. Reddened and dry skin on the fingers and hands can be the result. In the worst case, for example, only a professional task is considered. But it does not have to come that far. With early prevention and protection programs, you can save your skin.
Symptoms of occupational dermatoses
The first signs of occupational dermatosis often appear suddenly and in some cases not immediately after initial contact with the allergy trigger, but only after a few weeks or even years.
In general, fingers and hands are affected first, but the discomfort can spread to the arms and further. Possible symptoms of occupational dermatosis include:
- severe itching
- dry, rough or scaly skin
- Tension and burning up to pain
- Formation of blisters and pustules
- Cracks and bursting of the affected skin
Suspected allergy in the workplace
Many sufferers initially do not recognize the symptoms as signs of dermatitis and ignore them first. But in the long term, allergic contact dermatitis can develop from the skin irritations, which may eventually require a job as a profession.
Therefore, it is advisable to seek a dermatologist quickly in case of suspected reaction of the skin on so-called "occupational substances". This can treat the complaints and perform an allergy test. This makes it possible to make a reliable diagnosis as to whether it is an allergic reaction and, if so, to which substance.
Occupational dermatoses: When the skin triggers an alarm
The cause of occupational dermatosis is the function of the skin: the skin is our largest organ and should protect us from external influences. But if we permanently pollute our skin, it will be too much for the skin. Possible consequences are:
- irritative skin eczema: damage to the natural skin barrier through prolonged contact with water, chemicals, detergents or solvents; usually limited to the skin with direct contact with the pollutant
- allergic contact dermatitis: contact allergy with discomfort that can occur on various parts of the body
Dermatitis, which is a chronic dermatitis, is basically a skin complaint - it sounds an alarm. These alarm signs should be observed.
The earlier the skin is protected from harmful influences and sufficiently maintained, the better the chances of getting the skin problem under control. Those who ignore the first signs of skin can harm their own health.
Treatment and prevention of occupational dermatoses
As a rule, the dermatologist prescribed cortisone, which has strong anti-inflammatory effects, for the quick relief of the symptoms. However, cortisone is only a temporary solution.
In the long term, the skin serves:
- Protective measures for the skin (for example protective gloves)
- Consistent care with moisturizing and moisturizing substances
- the use of tools
- the observance of protective regulations
When does occupational dermatosis occur?
Occupational dermatoses primarily affect people in occupations who regularly come into contact with allergy-causing substances. These include, for example, hairdressers who work daily with water, shampoos and dyes. Even with cleaners, gardeners, cooks, construction workers as well as in health and nursing occupations occur professional dermatosis more often.
For many young people, the dream job due to an allergy or dermatitis burst within the first few weeks. But the danger of developing occupational dermatosis is not limited to initial contact. Also very often, allergy or dermatitis occurs only after many years of contact with allergy-causing substances, such as foods, nickel, adhesives, disinfectants and other substances on.