The knee is the largest joint and enormously resilient. For a short time it can carry up to 1.5 tons. Nevertheless, many people suffer from osteoarthritis-related problems in the knee. The higher the body weight, the greater the risk of osteoarthritis. Below, you'll learn about the risks of being overweight for your knees.
Rheumatic pain in the knee
It is estimated that about ten percent of all Germans know what it means when every movement becomes agony: they suffer from rheumatic pain. Rheumatism (Greek) means "drawing, tearing pain" and is a collective term for a variety of very different painful disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Rheumatism can be inflammatory or caused by constant wear and tear. It is differentiated between
- Soft tissue rheumatism, in which the muscle, ligaments, tendons and bursa are painfully altered
- degenerative forms of rheumatism, e.g. B. Osteoarthritis.
In addition, there are still inflammatory rheumatism forms such as rheumatic fever and chronic arthritis, which are characterized by inflammation of the joints with stiffness, pain and swelling.
Measures against rheumatism
The quality of life can be significantly reduced in rheumatism. Although there are effective anti-inflammatory drugs that reduce the rheumatic pain, but can cause the symptoms of gastric ulcer and other side effects after prolonged use.
But you can do a lot to prevent the joint wear. Obesity is known to favor the appearance of arthrosis. Ideally, you should try to hold the normal weight.
Common disease osteoarthritis
Arthrosis-related complaints (arthrosis = joint wear) are common and most of the spine, knee and hip joints are affected by these changes. It must be remembered that 75% of all people over the age of 50 have problems with the joints due to the physiological aging process. Only premature or excessive signs of wear are considered pathological changes.
The shifted center of gravity overloads the knees
The knee is the largest joint and extremely resilient. Nevertheless, osteoarthritis-related complaints in the knee area are very common: Almost 25% of all people with osteoarthritis complain of pain in the knee joint. The higher the weight, the greater the risk that osteoarthritis develops - with obesity being much more damaging to the knee joint than z. B. the hip.
Particularly in case of tribal obesity, the entire spine and lower extremities are excessively stressed. The balance of back and abdominal muscles is disturbed; This leads to a tilting of the pelvic region. The center of gravity is consequently shifted, which leads to an overload of the knee joint.
Which complaints occur?
Typical signs of knee damage are painful pulling or stinging. If the knee joint arthrosis is already advanced, the typical cartilage friction noise (crunching) develops.
Other factors that contribute to the development of knee problems include:
- excessive stress during physical activity
- Metabolic diseases (diabetes: one of the possible consequences of being overweight)
- Malposition of the legs
- Injuries due to accidents
- not properly healed fractures
The consequences of osteoarthritis are pain, inflammatory bursts and thickening and deformation, the extent of which is very different for each joint and stage. An arthrosis usually runs in batches. In the affected patients alternating (months) symptom-free phases and painful intervals.
It is easier for the joint to take the pain
Since obesity leads to a mechanical overuse of the cartilage and thus is a possible cause of knee damage, the excess kilos should be reduced accordingly. Also regular physical activities such as swimming, cycling and gymnastics play as a prophylactic measure against the "crunching in the knee" an essential role.