Abdominal pain - a symptom and many diseases

No other symptom can indicate diseases as diverse as abdominal pain. Whether bile problems, stress, gastrointestinal infection, heart attack or kidney or spine problems - abdominal pain is extremely diverse and requires careful clarification. Everyone has had stomach ache and knows from their own experience that even abdominal cramps can feel different every time. To find out the cause of the abdominal pain, you need to know how abdominal pain develops and search for the exact location and type of pain.

How does abdominal pain develop?

Abdominal pain occurs when pain-guiding nerves guide stimuli to the brain. Depending on the nature of irritated neural pathways, somatic and visceral pain can be distinguished. Somatic pain occurs when nerves that supply the abdominal wall, outer peritoneum, or the area behind the abdominal viscera (the retroperitoneum) become irritated. This pain is more likely

  • "bright",
  • burning,
  • cutting,
  • evenly intense and
  • localizable.

Somatic pain often occurs in acute cecal or gall bladder inflammation (the inflammation irritates the outer peritoneum), in renal colic or spinal problems.

Visceral pain

Visceral pain is compared to somatic pain

  • dull,
  • drilling,
  • spasmodic,
  • rather diffuse,
  • not exactly to a specific place and assign
  • arises when nerves that run in the organ skin, the inner part of the peritoneum, become irritated.

Visceral pain is common in gastrointestinal infections, in chronic inflammation of the gallbladder or pancreas, but also in food intolerances such as gluten, lactose or fructose. The type of pain causes the affected person to behave in a typical way: In somatic pain, he is more likely to lie down, put on the legs slightly, so take a restraint, since every movement increases the pain. Often the abdominal wall is tense and every touch of the abdomen painful.

In visceral pain, the behavior is reversed - rest intensifies the pain, walking around and massaging abdominal movements are pain-relieving. As visceral pain activates the autonomic nervous system, the pain is accompanied by vegetative symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, restlessness or vomiting.

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