While the avocado was only available a few years ago in selected shops or from the well-stocked greengrocer, it is now one of the most common assortment in almost every supermarket. But what exactly is the avocado? A fruit or vegetables? Or is not she one of the healthy foods because of her high fat content? How can you tell by the hard, rough skin whether the avocado is ripe? And how do you prepare them?
Avocado - healthy despite many calories
Although avocado fruit is widely spoken, avocado belongs to the berry family. In Europe, however, avocados are treated more like vegetables and prefer to be consumed in salty foods such as spreads, lettuce or salmon. However, in South America and Asia avocado is also used for sweet foods such as milkshakes or ice cream.
Compared to the other fruits, the avocado contains hardly any sugar or fruit acids, and at the same time has a much higher nutrient content. In addition to carbohydrates, the avocado also provides:
- vitamin C
On the other hand, the pulp of the so-called Butterbirne also by far the highest fat content of all known fruits and vegetables. For example, 100 grams of avocado pulp make up a good 200 calories and about 25 grams of fat. However, these are mostly unsaturated fatty acids, making the avocado a valuable, healthy food despite the calories.
Avocado in diabetes
It is often read that people with diabetes should better avocados from the diet. The reason for this is the ingredient mannoheptulose, which inhibits insulin secretion. In professional circles, however, this is considered positive, as many diabetics have a relative insulin surplus, which can increase insulin resistance. When eating the fruit, the blood sugar level is also hardly increased - avocado is therefore recommended for diabetes.
Avocado is also said to be good for the heart and, thanks to its minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium and potassium, helps combat high blood pressure. Furthermore, according to a study, the fruit lowers the level of "bad" LDL cholesterol.