Vaginal discharge is part of the normal cleaning process of the female body: the vaginal secretions are used to transport dead cells, blood, pathogens and sperm to the outside. Nevertheless, outflow becomes a problem for many women. One to two years before puberty, he starts and accompanies the woman to the menopause - one more, the other almost unnoticed.
Outflow as a protective mechanism
Fluor genitalis, as the vaginal secretion is also referred to as technical language, is part of a defense process to protect the vagina and ultimately the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries from (ascending) infections - after all, the genitalia of healthy women, especially of childbearing age again and again potentially pathogenic germs from the outside exposed. If the vaginal environment, the vaginal flora, is out of balance, pathogenic germs and bacteria have an easy time.
Morbid vaginal discharge
For the following signs, a visit to the gynecologist is advisable:
- Sudden increased discharge
- Outflow after menopause or sudden discharge during pregnancy
- Change in color and consistency (cloudy-greyish, reddish or brownish, greenish, yellowish-slimy, foamy, friable) and / or smell (eg fishy)
- Itching, redness and other skin changes and / or swelling and / or soreness or pain in the genital region (or lower abdomen)
- Pain during intercourse
- Pain / burning while urinating.
See the gynecologist if you have one or more of the symptoms described above. The vaginal infection itself is unpleasant, but initially not usually dangerous. However, the pathogens can continue to rise and cause inflammation of the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Special case pregnancy
A special case is the pregnancy: Due to the hormonal change pregnant women are particularly at risk for infections, which in turn can harm the unborn child. The gynecologist will ask you for the exact symptoms and concomitant symptoms and then perform an examination with the vaginal mirror (speculum). He examines the labia and vagina on redness, skin lesions and pain, assessed color, smell and consistency of the secretion. Often, these aspects give him clues to the trigger.
The further procedure is based on the suspicion - is suspected of colonization with pathogens, followed by the removal of vaginal secretions whose pH is determined and which can be coated with a substance and examined under the microscope. In addition, it will be sent to the laboratory if necessary.
Treatment of vaginal discharge
The therapy depends on the cause of the pathological discharge: In a vaginal fungus (vaginal mycosis) are drugs (antifungals) in the form of suppositories, vaginal tablets or creams available in a bacterial infection (such as the sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhea or syphilis) are antibiotics given in herpes infections special viral inhibitors. Supportive to the medically recommended therapy, there are further measures to stimulate the metabolism of the vaginal mucosa:
- 15-minute abdominal massage in the morning and in the evening.
- A cool sitz bath in the morning and a body-warm full bath in the evening (10 minutes each). Chamomile extract or tea tree oil added relaxes and disinfects.
- A 10-minute warm mud bath three times a week activates the metabolism and inhibits the inflammation.
- You can also make a decoction of goosecote or white nettle flowers (pour 50 g with 1 liter of hot water, leave for 10 minutes). With the strained, cooled brew, you can rinse your vagina three times a week.