In the treatment of bronchial asthma, a distinction is made between a preventive basic therapy (continuous medication) and an acute therapy for an asthma attack (on-demand medication). While the preventive basic therapy is characterized by a long-term medication, the acute therapy for asthma attacks is characterized by a need medication.
Asthma: therapy goals
General goals - regardless of the form of therapy - are as follows in the treatment of bronchial asthma:
- Reduce symptoms or, at best, make them disappear
- Reduce acute seizures, at best prevent them altogether
- Keep or reduce chronic respiratory inflammation
- Keep or improve pulmonary function
- Maintaining quality of life and reducing or completely avoiding everyday restrictions due to asthma
- Provide children and teenagers with normal physical and mental development
During therapy, a balance must be found between the effectiveness of the medication and its side effects.
Therapy: drugs for asthma
Almost always, the treatment consists of demand and preventive medication. It is important, above all, to take the preventive therapy seriously - the health is more conducive to taking the continuous medication consistently and regularly than always to respond only in an acute attack. If the preventive therapy is well adjusted, medications are only rarely (at best not necessary). Most medicines are inhaled during a therapy - so they quickly get to the scene. In an emergency, for example, infusions for the treatment of bronchial asthma are given.
Depending on the severity of the asthma, the medication for a therapy is individually compiled by the doctor and, if necessary, must be adapted to the current situation of the asthma sufferer in the course of a therapy. In principle, one differentiates between the therapy of bronchial asthma anticonvulsants (betamimetics such as salbutamol, terbutaline, formoterol), anti-inflammatory drugs (cortisone, leukotriene inhibitors) and respiratory extension (theophylline). These medications are also sometimes offered as combined preparations for the treatment of asthma.
Alternative treatment for bronchial asthma
Alternative medicine procedures can be used concomitantly. You can reduce the symptoms of bronchial asthma, the frequency of asthma attacks and thus the consumption of the drugs. These include methods to strengthen the immune system (water therapy, microbiological therapy), acupuncture or a homeopathic constitutional therapy.