Bronchial Asthma: Frequently Asked Questions

How does allergic asthma actually develop?

An allergy is generally referred to when the body's immune system reacts to certain substances from our environment exaggerated. While in most people the contact with these substances remains in similar amounts without any consequences, the excessive defense reactions in others lead to the clinical picture of the allergy. These allergenic substances are called allergens and can enter the body in different ways: on the one hand they are inhaled with air (inhalant allergens such as bee pollen or house dust) or absorbed through the mouth (food and pharmaceuticals). The allergic reactions lead to various body organs to disease symptoms. In addition to the skin, the eyes, and the digestive system, especially the respiratory tract are affected: This is called allergic bronchial asthma.

Can allergic diseases be contagious, much like colds?

No. Allergic diseases are not transmitted from person to person through contact. On the one hand, there is a predisposition of humans (atopy) and, on the other, the coming together of various factors.

What are bee pollen?

Pollen are the fertilizing elements of flowering plants. They are formed by flowers, grasses, herbs, shrubs and trees and are powdery, yellowish and microscopic little grains. They can be triggers of allergies. B. in the form of a hay fever.

How come that someone who has been healthy for years suddenly has an allergic reaction?

It is a well-known fact that in some cases a long-lasting contact with certain substances is necessary until allergic reactions develop. The sudden onset of allergic symptoms in someone who used to be symptom free may also be under the influence of emotional factors, fatigue, and infections. In most cases, the exact cause can not be determined with absolute accuracy.

I was told that asthma is a psychosomatic disorder. What does this mean?

Psychosomatics deals in a broader sense with the interactions between body and soul. In doing so, she supplements general medicine with regard to social, cultural and emotional matters and also includes the individual life path of each patient. Thus, the patient should be helped to develop their own ideas about his illness and its course. It is also trying to teach the patient a better understanding of themselves.

When is it necessary to go to the doctor?

You should definitely visit your family doctor if you notice signs of respiratory distress for the first time. Furthermore, you go regularly to your check-ups. An additional visit to the doctor is necessary if an attack of respiratory distress is particularly strong or lasts unusually long.

What can I do myself in an asthma attack?

First, you should try to stay as calm as possible, sit down and consciously inhale and breathe in the fresh air. If you are traveling alone, do not be afraid to approach people who accompany you to the nearest doctor or call the ambulance. In addition to your long-term medication, always keep an inhalable emergency medication (metered dose inhaler) ready to quickly dilate the constricted bronchi during a seizure. By getting to know your body better through good observation, you can often notice a seizure in advance and respond successfully.

What is the bronchospasmolysis test?

With the bronchospasmolysis test, the doctor recognizes a treatable airway constriction. First, the measurement of the output values. Subsequently, the patient inhales 1-2 sprays of a respiratory narcotic drug. After about 10 minutes, a new measurement takes place. If the values ​​are significantly improved compared to the first measurement (at least 15%), there is a treatable airway constriction.

Recommended vaccinations for chronic respiratory patients
pneumococcalVaccination every 6 years
fluVaccination annually
tetanusBooster every 10 years
diphtheriaBooster every 10 years
PoliomyelitisVaccination with incomplete primary immunization
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