Types of infectious diseases

Whether on the eye the conjunctiva, on the ear the middle ear or in the mouth teeth and gums - everything can become infected. Especially the nose, throat, bronchi and lungs are often affected: cold or flu, bronchitis, sinusitis or pneumonia are known diseases - whether pneumococcal, SARS or Legionnaire's disease. Fortunately, tuberculosis is rare in Germany, but the most common infectious disease worldwide. The thyroid gland and the heart are not immune from infection either: the heart may affect the inner or outer skin, the heart valves and even the heart muscle.

Infectious diseases throughout the body

When it rumbles in the stomach and announces diarrhea, there are a number of bacteria and viruses that are considered malefactors: Salmonella, Norovirus, Helicobacter, Campylobacter are just a few of the many diarrhea pathogens. Hepatitis viruses attack the liver, are called hepatitis A, B, C virus, etc., and can lead to protracted illnesses.

Cystitis occurs in women and men for various reasons, and genital infections range from easily treatable vaginal mycosis, to syphilis and papillomaviruses to chlamydia, which often lead to unrecognized infertility.

The skin is also affected

Skin and nail fungus typical diseases, herpes, warts and shingles are caused by viruses.

There are also many teething troubles, all of which are associated with skin rash:

  • scarlet
  • measles
  • rubella
  • chickenpox

Transmission by bites

Did you know that human bites pose a greater risk of infection than dog or cat bites? Infectious agents can cause great damage to the brain and peripheral nerves - whether rabies or TBE virus, meningococci or tetanus bacilli: the spectrum ranges from meningitis to sleeping sickness, paralysis to death. Some infectious diseases affect several organs such as Lyme disease, HIV and AIDS, Reiter's disease or anthrax.

Ticks transmit pathogens of infectious diseases

Ticks are in Germany transmitters of two pathogens: the Lyme disease bacteria and the TBE viruses. Before a stay in the great outdoors you should inform yourself if there are infected ticks to be expected there.

Children are at risk

In pregnancy, vaginal infections, rubella and toxoplasmosis are particularly dangerous, they can lead to miscarriage or the death of the unborn child. Many teething troubles such as mumps or whooping cough show flu-like symptoms or a rash like scarlet fever, measles, rubella or chickenpox. The fact that these illnesses are called teething troubles does not mean that even adults can not get sick - often even more seriously and with deadly complications.

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