Already Kneipp praised the arnica in the highest tones. The ingredients of the yolk-yellow flowers of arnica help especially in external injuries. In the naturopathic literature one finds again and again text parts in which pastor Sebastian Kneipp praised the manifold effects of arnica. So it was already a Kneipp classic to saturate compresses with a Arnica tincture and to bruise, bruises or aching muscles to lay. According to Kneipp's transcriptions, the injuries were always reliably cured with the aid of arnica.
History of arnica
Arnica fared like many other medicinal plants. In the Middle Ages, the effectiveness was known, but then it was more and more forgotten. Only the farmers pulled the plants in their gardens and prepared from tincture and flowers a tincture, which they used in inflammatory diseases of all kinds. When interest in traditional herbal medicine blossomed again in the last century, science also became more involved with arnica. The perennial with the yolk-yellow flowers grows predominantly in alpine regions in large parts of Europe. It requires acidic and nutrient-poor locations and therefore thrives particularly well on nutrient-poor grasslands, moorland meadows and heathland areas that are not too dry.
In the past, the sunny meadows of the high alpine region were covered with bright yellow flowers in large quantities during the summer months. Therefore, probably comes the popular name "Bergwohlverleih". Due to the intensification of agriculture, their natural habitats have declined more and more in recent decades. Today, the arnica has become rare and is on the red list of endangered species. In Germany it is protected and may not be collected.
In the European Pharmacopoeia arnica (Arnicae flos) are described as medically effective components of the plant. For pharmaceutical preparations, the dried whole or decayed inflorescences of the variety Arnica montana are used. For this, the 40 to 60 centimeters high herbaceous plant is grown on fields. As the main active ingredient, the scientists were able to detect the natural anti-inflammatory helenalin. He also has analgesic and antiseptic properties. Cell-protecting flavonoids and essential oil complete the profile of arnica blossoms.
Arnica flowers are used externally as an envelope or ointment preparation. These should not be missing in any medicine chest, because they have proven themselves as a first responder for external injuries of any kind. They reduce bruising, bruises, sprains and bruises faster and relieve rheumatic muscle and joint discomfort. For mouthwashes in oral and gum diseases Arnica tinctures from the pharmacy are suitable, which are diluted according to the package information. Also in homeopathy arnica in various potencies (dilutions) is a popular remedy. Your field of application here includes all consequences of injuries.
Side effects of arnica
Since helenalin is toxic to the inside and can lead to diarrhea, dizziness or dangerous cardiac arrhythmias, internal use of arnica preparations is not recommended today - except in homeopathy. As with many other daisy family members, arnica can cause allergies after prolonged use, such as blistering eczema. In this case, a doctor should be consulted. In this context, the intensive research work has paid off: In the meantime, there are studies with varieties that are free of allergy-causing substances.