Anxiety before dental treatment - almost every person knows it. But while most can live well with a bit of stomach tingling, real anxiety patients get sweats even at the launch of a dental surgery. Many avoid visiting the dentist even with severe toothache - their biggest fear: pain during treatment. Wrong: Today there are a variety of gentle options of anesthesia, which are - when used correctly - optimally tailored to the patient.
No pain at the dentist
Today's narcotics are very safe and free of side effects. Depending on whether it is a surgical procedure or purely conservative measures such as fillings, three different types of local anesthesia are used:
- the surface anesthesia, in which only the mucous membrane is anesthetized,
- the infiltration anesthesia, which makes a certain place insensitive in the mouth and
- the line anesthesia, which stuns a whole nerve area.
In some cases - when a major intervention is necessary or the patient's anxiety is too great - the dentist can perform the treatment under general anesthetic, outpatient or in the clinic.
Local anesthesia - not more than necessary
Local surface anesthesia is used to prepare an anesthetic injection to pre-insure the tissue. The dentist applies a liquid to the oral mucosa, which makes it feel numb. Afterwards, he performs the injection, best distributed over two stitches, completely painless.
In infiltration anesthesia, the dentist injects the anesthetic fluid under the skin in the upper jaw. Not only the upper pain points of the skin are stunned, but also smaller nerve branches. In the lower jaw, on the other hand, the dentist usually performs a lead anesthesia in which a whole half is anesthetized in the lower jaw.
Deep sleep in general anesthesia
General anesthesia is used in major surgery such as surgery and sometimes in extreme anxiety patients. New anesthetics, which ensure good tolerability, rapid excretion from the organism and low side effects, reduce the risk of anesthetics. Even with dental treatments, the duration of an anesthesia can easily be several hours, so that complex treatments can be completed in a few sessions.
Reduce the pain sensation
Keep the consciousness and still feel no pain or fear: This is how the so-called analgosedation works. The pain sensation and the fear are reduced by the dripping of the drug into a venous access introduced into the arm. The patient feels drowsy and fearless, but breathes by himself and can also respond to the dentist's instructions.
In addition, a local anesthetic on the tooth is necessary, because this procedure affects only the sensation, but does not prevent the pain itself. After treatment, the patient usually can not remember them.