Everyone is talking about animal welfare, especially warm-blooded animals such as cattle, pigs and chickens. Many are worried about whether the fruit and vegetables you buy may be genetically engineered. But what about fish with a change in temperature? Is there actually bio fish, how is it kept, what is fed, where can I buy it and is there guidelines for this?
Fish in organic quality
Although fish is already a healthy food in itself, there are differences in quality, depending on the individual breeder. Just as in fattening and poultry farming, fishing companies often rely on "mass instead of class"; too small pool for too many fish. The use of chemicals and antibiotics is also questionable. In response, farming associations such as Bioland and Naturland agreed on guidelines for organic farming. Products with these seals offer both quality and taste benefits.
Less fat and firm in the bite
For example, antibiotics and insecticides are banned in "organic farming", so there are fewer residues of these substances in organic fish than in conventional farmed fish. In addition, organic fish are less rich in fat, because they are, so to speak, fitter than the "conventional ones". They have more Patz in the pelvis and thus more movement. In addition, they get less energetic food. Another example: Organic salmon according to Naturland guidelines is salted dry. The otherwise usual with mechanically processed salmon injecting brine into the meat is not allowed. As a result, the organic salmon fillet contains less water and has a firmer bite.
The organic fermentations in detail
- Producers commit to a responsible and sustainable use of natural resources.
- The fish live under natural reproductive conditions and receive no hormones for stimulation. If possible they are kept in polycultures (different fish species in common).
- The fish have more space to swim than with conventional stance.
- The feed must come from recognized organic production, genetically modified feed and additives are not allowed. Exception: natural pigments (dyes), which are responsible for the pink color of the meat in salmon farming.
- Fishmeal is subject to special requirements.
- For some fish species, there are upper limits for feeding, for example, the natural food supply in carp stock must be at least half of the required amount of feed.
- The use of antibiotics and insecticides is not allowed.
- When using medicines, the double waiting times must be met with the positive result that the need for preventive measures is particularly great. In the treatment of natural remedies are preferable.
- For processed fish products, the ingredients (eg oil or breadcrumbs) come from organic farming and are marked accordingly in the list of ingredients.
New standards in fish farming
Organic fish farming has also become established at EU level. New specifications ensure the quality of the product and ensure a species-appropriate attitude. While environmental organizations such as Greenpeace complain that EU directives are not strict enough, they are at least a step in the right direction.
Where can you buy organic fish?
Organic fish can be bought in the health food store, in the fish-shop and in the supermarket. More often, it is offered further processed, for example, salmon and trout from organic farming are pickled (marinated) or smoked. Frozen are shrimp, mussels and salmon to get. Fish products from wild catch are available as canned goods (sardines, herring, tuna) and frozen foods such as Schlemmerfilet or fish fingers.