Allergies: Hay fever is the most common form
The most common form of allergy is hay fever caused by pollen. In addition to birch, alder, hazel and grass pollen, unfortunately, pollen from ragwort and ash also cause runny noses and reddened eyes. If the lungs are also affected, it is called allergic asthma, which can already occur in children. In addition to pollens, mold fungi, a high pollutant concentration in the air, particulate matter and ozone can cause asthma or worsen the clinical picture. But there are many more forms of allergy.
Other allergy forms
- An allergy to house dust mites also causes respiratory distress, aggravates atopic dermatitis and can grow into asthma.
- Even with an animal hair allergy you have to expect not only skin redness, but also with difficulty breathing.
- Contact allergies usually manifest themselves in eczema - especially a neurodermitic skin is very sensitive to fragrances, medicinal plants or cosmetics.
- In addition, piercings, tattoos or permanent make-up are not recommended to everyone - they can lead to an allergy if not handled properly.
- In the case of sun allergy, the skin reacts with small pimples to the UV-A radiation.
- The skin and digestive tract can also be allergic to medication - even stress exacerbates existing allergies.
- Although food allergies such as egg white allergy are not as common, they cause digestive problems of various kinds and are distinguished from the more common intolerances such as lactose intolerance. For example, China Restaurant Syndrome is a glutamate intolerance.
- Although insect venom allergies are rare, they can lead to cardiac arrest due to the strong immune response.
Allergies: prevent discomfort
When suffering from an allergy, it is best to avoid the responsible allergen - often easier said than done. With a house dust allergy, there are many ways to keep the number of mites as small as possible - in addition to care tips and special bed covers can also help sprays containing Niembaum extracts.
In the pollen season, you should stay a lot inside, keep the nose moist or wet the nasal mucosa with a powder spray. A high pollutant concentration in the air aggravates asthmatic complaints, with high ozone levels one should therefore stay inside. Fortunately, ingredients in foods must now be more accurately identified, so that an adapted diet for atopic dermatitis, lactose intolerance or certain food allergies is possible.
Prevent allergies in children
While excessive hygiene may lead to an increase in infant allergies, infants and children should still not be exposed to all irritants - smoking promotes allergy and pet ownership is limited (if the parents are not allergic). The supply of lactic acid bacteria during pregnancy and lactation helps the child's intestinal flora, so that later less allergies arise.
Allergies: relieve discomfort
To protect the mucous membranes of the nose and bronchi against allergens, various medicines are used - some diminish the perception of why you should not drive after taking a car and should be particularly careful as a pedestrian in traffic.
In addition to the nasal douche, cortisone is often used against mucosal swelling and inflammation, but especially in asthma the treatment has many different facets, including sports. The allergy vaccine (hyposensitization) is tedious, but often leads to permanent freedom from symptoms. Zinc can also help with hay fever.
Of course, there is a special procedure for every disease with allergen avoidance, tips and medications - you can find more information on the respective disease.