Sport is healthy, but whoever exaggerates does nothing good for his body. For example, many studies show that professional athletes are more likely to be ill because their immune system does not put off endurance training. This phenomenon can be observed regardless of the sport practiced: Great effort and exhaustion make the body more susceptible to the attacks of viruses and bacteria. An effect that can be effective for up to ten days.
Nevertheless, the sports physicians agree that the health benefits of sport outweigh the risks many times over. Millions of people of all ages are doing sports. Sport gives them a sense of togetherness every day, creates social communication, enhances physical well-being and helps to strengthen, restore and maintain health.
4 clever tips for beginners in sports
The risk of injury in training can be minimized by any athlete by following a few simple rules.
- This includes above all a health examination before the sport. This is especially important for beginners and returnees over 40 years. Even with existing illnesses, handicaps or with current complaints the physician should be asked for advice. This especially affects people with high risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, increased blood lipids, heart disease, vascular or convulsive disorders. Those who take medicines on a regular basis should discuss the intake times on sports days with the family doctor or the pharmacist.
- It is important for every beginner to start slowly with the sport and not immediately full throttle. It is best to start under guidance in a club or in the gym. And then it's time to stay on the ball, so if possible at least twice a week to pursue your favorite sport. Sport should be strenuous, but not overstrained. After the sport you may be exhausted, but not totally broken. It is better to train longer and with pleasure than to be short and over-hard. In sports, it is important to take a break from exercise and then there should be enough time for recovery.
- Anyone who is ill or even has a fever should stay out for a while with the sport and let the disease heal completely. If an infection does not cure, it can lead to a spread of viruses or bacteria from the blood to the heart muscle. Also, an injury should be given a sufficient break in training, so as not to endanger the healing.
- Many athletes place too little value on sports-adapted sportswear. This must be less fashionable, but functional: warming in the winter and still breathable and windproof, in summer should be worn next to light clothing and a headgear against blazing sun. Those who like to run in the woods or on meadows, prevent tick bites with a long sports pants and a long-sleeved shirt.