Oranges are sweet, juicy and full of vitamins. But that's not all: oranges are also versatile. Whether pure, as juice or jam, in desserts or smoothies - oranges are suitable for baking and cooking as well as a small snack in between. We reveal what makes oranges so healthy and why the juicy vitamin bombs are so good for our defenses.
Ingredients: Why oranges are so healthy
Oranges are rich in vitamins and minerals. For example, 100 grams of its pulp contain around 50 milligrams of vitamin C - more than half of the recommended daily allowance. The vitamin strengthens the immune system and protects us from infections.
In addition, vitamin C improves the absorption of iron, which is needed for oxygen transport in the blood. The mineral is also found in the round fruits (0.4 milligrams per 100 grams). In addition, in oranges include vitamins of the B group, folic acid and phosphorus.
Also in terms of calories, oranges need not hide: 100 grams contain only about 47 kilocalories.
Oranges - versatile
With us the citrus fruits are especially in the winter season. Meanwhile, oranges are available in the supermarket throughout the year and an integral part of our diet. From the tropical fruits can do much more than just freshly squeezed orange juice.
For example, they taste really good:
- as orange marmalade
- in cookies, muffins and cakes
- in desserts such as tiramisu, orange cream or fruit salad
- in orange sauce as a side dish to fish or meat
- in salads, for example in fennel salad
- as a component of smoothies
That's in orange peels
When peeling an orange you should not be too thorough: Not only is the flesh of the orange healthy, but also its white skin. This contains many phytochemicals that are supposed to protect against various diseases.
Also, the outer, orange layer of the shell is edible. It is used in wafer-thin strips (so-called Zesten) or in grated form mainly for baking and cooking, but also for decorating desserts. However, you should make sure to use oranges from organic quality and wash them thoroughly with hot water before. Traditional oranges are often treated with preservatives or, to make them look more beautiful, wax, which is why their peel is not fit for consumption.
The orange peel so popular in the Christmas bakery is also made from orange peel. For its production, the peel of bitter oranges (bitter orange) is candied.
Essential orange oil
The orange peel also contains essential oils that spread a wonderful fragrance. This is not only used for Christmas, if you make scented candles out of the bowls or dry orange slices as a decoration.
The essential orange oil is also used throughout the year in aromatic bath products and other cosmetics, but also in orange liqueur and food use.
Tips for buying oranges
When buying oranges, you should pay attention to good quality. It is best to heed the following tips:
- The skin should look thick and healthy and show no signs of damage.
- You should not buy crumbly or damaged fruits.
- The fruits should be heavy in the hand and yield slightly under light pressure.
- If you want to use the orange peel for consumption, be sure to use organic oranges.
- Be careful not to squeeze the fruit when shopping, otherwise they will mold faster.
The harvest time of oranges varies according to variety and growing area, but is usually in late summer to winter. Oranges only develop their characteristic color through cold. A green color is therefore no indication of lack of maturity, but just normal for fruits from an early harvest. In Europe, however, almost exclusively orange fruits are available.
Incidentally, just like lemons and other citrus fruits, oranges do not ripen after harvesting.
The right storage
Oranges like it neither too warm nor too cold. At room temperature they last about a week. However, if stored too warm, they can dry out internally and lose their taste.
It is therefore better to store them in a cool pantry or in the basement in an air-permeable basket . In addition, you should check it daily for mold and eat no more rotten oranges.
Origin of the orange
Originally, the orange comes from China - hence the name orange ("apple from China"). There, the fruit was created from a cross between tangerine and grapefruit.
In contrast to the bitter orange, which found its way to Europe in the Middle Ages, the sweet orange came to us by sea only in the 15th century. Today, oranges are the most commonly grown citrus fruit - there are about 400 different varieties of fruit worldwide.
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