The Signs Of Anorexia

Anorexia, also really known as anorexia nervosa is a psychological condition, leading to a reduced intake of food to lose body weight. This eating disorder is characterized by a persistent fear of weight gain and self-sufficiency with hunger.

People with anorexia have a distorted body image. They believe themselves as overweight, although they are diagnosed as clinically underweight.

There are two types of anorexia as restricted type of anorexia and binge-eating/purging type of anorexia.

The limited nature of anorexia nervosa is characterized by weight loss by reducing the total food intake. In the second type of anorexia, people binge and purge exercise behavior in addition to fasting

Causes of anorexia

No clear cause for anorexia. However, there are several factors will contribute to the development of anorexia. There are biological, psychological and socio-cultural causes of anorexia. Some people are genetically vulnerable to developing anorexia. People with anorexia have higher cortisol, the brain hormone associated with stress. They also have reduced levels of norepinephrine and serotonin, in connection with the feelings of well-being. People with anorexia may have obsessive-compulsive personality traits, low self-discharge value, which makes it easier to adapt to strict diet. These people have an extreme quest for perfectionism. Due to the cultural, family and social pressure, some people want to be very, very narrow and thin. Persons engaged in activities that demand thinness, such as modeling, ballet or gymnastics are very cautious about their weight. Some stressful life events such as break a relationship, career failure or the beginning of puberty may trigger anorexia.

Signs of anorexia

There are a number of signs and symptoms show that a development of anorexia. People with anorexia lose weight mainly through highly restricted diet. Often disguised their eating habits, physical or digestive problems. You can try to lose weight by excessive exercise. They tend to control calorie intake by vomiting after eating or abusive of diuretics, laxatives or enemas. Some of the most common symptoms of anorexia are extreme weight loss, thin appearance, very little nutrition, prevention of food and frequent use of diet pills, laxatives or diuretics. The signs of anorexia are categorized as a sign of physical, mental and behavioural disorders signs of symptoms.

* Physical signs: Some general physical signs of anorexia are thin appearance, extreme weight loss, fatigue, abnormal blood counts, thin and broken hair, hair loss, brittle nails, dry skin, dull eyes, faintness or dizziness, constipation, the absence of menstruation, Aufgeblähten or upset stomach, dehydration, the cold intolerance, low blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms and osteoporosis.

* Psychological signs: In addition to physical symptoms, loss of appetite leads to a certain psychological symptoms such as poor judgement, inability to remember things, distorted perception of self, the refusal to recognise the seriousness of the disease, Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior and depression. People suffering from anorexia experience a feeling of inefficiency, lack of initiative, loss of interest in daily activities, insomnia, irritability, difficulties in concentration and diminished interest in sex.

* Behavioral symptoms: A person with anorexia shows some unusual behavior changes associated with the food. The person refuses to eat in public, tends to eat only one kind of food, ritually cutting the food into small pieces and deep studies on nutrition and calories. Some other behavioral signs are compulsive exercise refusal to eat, denial of hunger, preoccupation with weight, height, diet and lack of emotion.

Health risks of anorexia

Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening mental disorder that led to some dangerous physical consequences. About 20% of anorexics die from hunger and malnutrition. Self-hunger in anorexia can lead to malnutrition, dehydration, infertility, amenorrhea, damage the liver, heart damage, osteoporosis, kidney damage, damage to the immune system and personality changes. Excessive hunger can lead to permanent health damage and even death.

The treatment of anorexia

If there is an electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, fainting or psychiatric problems caused by anorexia, then you must immediately an appropriate medical treatment. Treatment focuses on the normal weight gain. A combination of different therapies such as nutrition therapy, counseling, cognitive therapy, family therapy and group therapy is used to treat this disease.

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4 Responses to “The Signs Of Anorexia”

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