Different types of fractures

What is a fracture?

Sometimes, pressure is on a bone that results in the breaking of the bone, even as a breakthrough. Fractures are common. Most people suffer from fractures at least once during their lifetime. Children’s bones are relatively flexible and less likely to break. Falls or other accidents that do not cause damage in children may lead to complete fractures in older adults. Older adults suffer from fractures more than children because their bones are relatively brittle.

Fractures are several reasons. It could be because of a fall from a height, traffic accidents and repetitive forces on the bone, because the physical activities like running or weight lifting.

Different types of bone fractures: –

  • Open Fracture : An open fracture is a fracture where the broken bone is exposed. That is dangerous because of increased chances of infection.
  • Closed Fracture : A closed fracture is a fracture where the bone is broken, but the skin is intact.
  • Simple fracture : The fracture occurs along one line, splitting the bone into two pieces.
  • Multi-fragmentary fracture : In this the bone splits into multiple pieces.
  • Compression Fracture : A compression fracture is a closed fracture that occurs when two or more bones are forced against each other. It commonly occurs to the bones of the spine and may be caused by falling into a standing or sitting position, or a result of advanced osteoporosis.
  • Avulsion Fracture : An avulsion fracture is a closed fracture where a piece of bone is broken off by a sudden, forceful contraction of a muscle. This type of fracture is common in athletes and can occur when muscles are not properly stretched before activity. This fracture can also because of an injury.
  • Impacted Fracture : An impacted fracture is similar to a compression fracture, yet it occurs within the same bone. It is a closed fracture which occurs when pressure is applied to both ends of the bone, causing it to split into two fragments that jam into each other. This type of fracture is common in car accidents and falls.
  • Stress Fracture : It is a common overuse injury. It is most often seen in athletes who run and jump on hard surfaces such as runners, ballet dancers and basketball players.
  • Compression fracture of the spine : It is common in individuals with osteoporosis. Often no identifiable injury causes it. This results in significant pain and disability.
  • Rib fractures : If you experience pain while breathing you probably have a rib fracture. In this condition you also have tenderness and shallow breathing.
  • Complete Fracture : in this the bone fragments separate completely.
  • Incomplete Fracture : in this the bone fragments are still partially joined.
  • Linear Fracture : in this the fracture is parallel to the bone’s long axis.
  • Transverse Fracture : in this the fracture is at a right angle to the bone’s long axis.
  • Oblique Fracture : in this the fracture is diagonal to a bone’s long axis.
  • Spiral Fracture : in this at least one part of the bone has been twisted.
  • Comminuted Fracture : in this the fracture results in several fragments.
  • Compacted Fracture : in this the fracture is caused when bone fragments are driven into each other.

If you have fracture in the bones

All fractures must be taken seriously. If you think that a bone has been fractured, you should seek immediate medical treatment. An x-ray will help diagnose the condition.You may be in for a long period of recuperation.

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10 Responses to “Different types of fractures”

  1. […] […]

  2. I didn’t know that you could have all of this sort of fractures in the bones with out knowing.

  3. EU não sabia que podemos ter “FRATURAS MUSCULARES”.

  4. Eu tambem ñ sabia

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  6. blz…

  7. Thank you I have seen some of these fractture before, but most of them I thought were made up.

  8. what will be the discharge plan for bone fracture

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  10. I was looking for types of fractures for my project this helped alot thanks

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