5 Most Important Components in Physical Fitness

“The lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being, while movement and methodical physical exercise save and preserve.” — Plato (Greek philosopher)

Before we move closer to the five main components of physical fitness, you should understand the importance of physical fitness. The United States Department of Health and Human Services has physical fitness defined as “a series of attributes that people have or achieve, based on the ability, physical activity.” In legal language, an individual is physically fit, if he is capable of lifting a heavy weight or run a long distance. But if you really want to measure the overall fitness of a person you must take into account the five components of physical fitness.

5 most important components in Physical Fitness

The five main components of physical fitness include “cardio-respiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition.

Cardio-respiratory endurance

Cardio-respiratory endurance is one of the five components of physical fitness. You can specify the cardio-respiratory endurance as the ability of the heart to pump blood rich oxygen for the functioning of your muscles. The ability to keep fit, without fatigue or exhaustion during physical movement measures the physical fitness of a person. Swimming, cycling, walking, jogging and aerobics are the classic examples of exercises and sports in connection with the cardio-respiratory endurance. Try the above-mentioned sports and exercises to improve the fitness level of your cardio-respiratory endurance.

Muscular Endurance

Muscular endurance is sometimes confused with muscle power. The ability of the muscle to perform an action, without feeling of fatigue is known as muscular endurance. It is associated with muscle strength and cardio-respiratory endurance. In order to increase the fitness level of muscular endurance, try exercises such as running, cycling and dancing.

Muscle strength

Muscle strength is one of the five components of physical fitness. The muscle strength is the maximum strength of a muscle while lifting, or during an effort. In short, muscular strength is the ability of the muscle strength to exercise restraint during a training or an activity. The physical fitness of the muscle power could be improved through practice such as lifting weights.

Physical flexibility

One of the main components of physical fitness is physical flexibility. The fitness level is determined by the flexibility of your joints. If you have good flexibility in the joints, violations in connection with the joints could be prevented. The exercises like stretching and swimming would lead to an improvement in the physical flexibility.

Body Composition

To know that your fitness level you have to understand your body composition. The reason is the body composition directly relates to the overall fitness level. The fat, muscle, bone and other vital organs of the body are known as the body composition. The general physical level of an individual depends on his body composition.

The physical fitness of a person depends not only on the above items, but is a result of his lifestyle, nutrition, and basic habits.

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15 Responses to “5 Most Important Components in Physical Fitness”

  1. […] 5 Most Important Components in Physical Fitness […]

  2. Execllent artcle on the five most important components to physical fitness. As I get older I’m starting to have more and more issues with flexibility myself. I finally see the importance of stretching before exercising!

  3. Flexibility is an often forgotten aspect of physical fitness. I always focused on cardio and muscle building but now that I am getting older flexibility has become more of an emphasis for me.

  4. This is an incredibly informative post. I have exercised the wrong way for a long time because I would concentrate on pushing on to my limits and not on a balanced amount of cardio-calories. What I mean is that instead of staying at an optimum cardio level (around 135-140 bpm), I would push myself up as high as 160 thinking that this would benefit me. I found this wrong when I finally joined a gym 2 months ago. If anything, I was messing up my blood pressure and burning short-term calories (i.e. food/drink consumed that day) rather than burning stores (i.e. fat). The types of exercises you propose for the 5 components are something I’m printing up as I write this to keep as a general guideline as to what exercises to pursue depending on the day.

    Really sir, thank you very much for putting this up. Take care.

  5. I love your thoughts! I normally don\’t even bother to leave comments, but I wanted to let you know that you hit the nail on the head!

  6. What a GREAT post! I will definitely be using this information.

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  8. Just read some other comments on your blog, and I agree with the general impression, your doing a great job!

  9. I enjoyed reading this post.I can try this surly.

  10. Thanks for sharing this, this is really helpful to shape-up our body and keep it fit.

  11. Great article! I was searching for something entirely different when I came across your blog. I thoroughly enjoyed the thought you put into this writting. i will bookmark to return later.

  12. Expensive. Really. Worth the price, though.

  13. have been reading ur blog around a few days. really like what you posted. by the way i’m conducting a research concerning this subject. do you happen to know other good blogs or perhaps online forums that I might learn more? thanks a ton.

  14. Barefooted working naturally pulled me into a shorter stride. As you see in the frame by body portion of the video above, the runner’s forefoot strikes only a fraction earlier than the heel drops. It feels to me like my complete foot hits at the same time, however I believe the forefoot hits just a skosh before the heel does. Gone is that feeling of rolling from heel to toe, and gone is that squishy feeling that the shoes are absorbing a number of the shock.

  15. When on a program, is there any one thing you should focus on? I am already pretty flexible and strong, but would like to tone. The problem is I bulk up easily when I try. Any tips?

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